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Table 5 Association of intestinal helminths with HIV viral load in HIV-infected patients (n = 158; among the participants who were screened for helminths via stool samples, only 158 had available HIV viral load data)

From: Intestinal helminth infections in HIV-infected patients in Savannakhet after establishment of an HIV registration network in Lao People’s Democratic Republic

Species HIV viral load (copies)/mL OR (95% CI) P value
< 250 (n = 146) ≥ 250 (n = 12)
Positive Negative Positive Negative
Any helminth 52 (35.6%) 94 (64.4%) 3 (25.0%) 9 (75%) 0.60 (0.16–2.32) 0.54
O. viverrini 25 (17.1%) 121 (82.9%) 0 (0.0%) 12 (100%) n.a. 0.22
S. stercoralis 14 (9.6%) 132 (90.4%) 1 (8.3%) 11 (91.7%) 0.86 (0.10–7.14) 1.00
 Hookworm 17 (11.6%) 129 (88.4%) 2 (16.7%) 10 (83.3%) 1.52 (0.31–7.52) 0.64
T. saginata 5 (3.4%) 141 (96.6%) 0 (0.0%) 12 (100%) n.a. 1.00
  1. n.a. not applicable