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Table 3 Accuracy rate of response to each knowledge question

From: Women’s knowledge on common non-communicable diseases and nutritional need during pregnancy in three townships of Ayeyarwaddy region, Myanmar: a cross-sectional study

  Number Percent
General knowledge in NCDs
 Behavior risk factors for developing non-communicable diseases
  Tobacco use 235 37.3
  Harmful alcohol consumption 244 38.7
  Unhealthy diet 426 67.6
  Physical inactivity 251 39.8
 The most common cause of death among women around the world
  Cardiovascular disease 102 16.2
 The good way to prevent non-communicable diseases
  Eating more fruits and vegetables 540 85.7
Hypertension
 Hypertension is a curative disease. 122 19.4
 Blood pressure of 140/90 mmHg is considered high. 441 70.0
 Common symptoms of hypertension are headache, dizziness, blurred vision, nausea, vomiting, and fainting attack. 540 85.7
 Elderly persons are more susceptible to hypertension than adults. 504 80.0
 If your blood-related relatives or family members have hypertension, you are also at risk of hypertension. 350 55.6
 Obese people are more at risk of hypertension than those who are not obese. 524 83.2
 Smoking increases risk for having hypertension. 353 56.0
 Consuming salty food increases risk for having hypertension. 603 95.7
 Alcohol drinkers are at risk of having hypertension. 488 77.5
 Regular exercisers are less likely to have hypertension than those who do not exercise 507 80.5
 Complications of hypertension
  Stroke 495 78.6
  Coronary artery disease 446 70.8
  Heart failure 447 71.0
  Blindness 397 63.0
  Renal failure 366 58.1
Diabetes
 Diabetes is a curative disease. 178 28.3
 Suspicious diabetes symptoms are frequent urination and frequent water drinking from thirst. 471 74.8
 Elderly persons are more susceptible or more likely to have diabetes than adults. 496 78.7
 If your blood-related relatives have diabetes, you are also at risk of having diabetes. 381 60.5
 Obese people are more at risk of diabetes than those who are not obese. 519 82.4
 Pregnant women are likely to have diabetes. 324 51.4
 People who regularly eat sweet, fried, and fatty food are at risk of having diabetes. 583 92.5
 Regular exercisers are less likely to have diabetes than those who do not exercise. 496 78.7
 Complications of diabetes   
  Blindness 427 67.8
  Renal failure 429 68.1
  Heart failure 411 65.2
  Stroke 434 68.9
  Delay ulcer healing 531 84.3
  Hypertension 476 75.6
Anemia
 Iron deficiency can cause anemia. 494 78.4
 Anemia can be found in both male and female at any age. 569 90.3
 If a pregnant woman has anemia, she can deliver a low birth weight baby. 517 82.1
 Symptoms of anemia
  Paleness on skin, eye and lips 561 89.1
  Weakness 586 93.0
  Headache 594 94.3
  Shortness of breath 571 90.6
  Rapid heart rate 551 87.5
 Iron-rich food
  Leafy green vegetables 549 87.1
  Beans and peas 532 84.4
  Meat and fish 523 83.0
  Eating vitamin C-rich food along with vegetables and beans can help your body to easily absorb iron. 380 60.3
  Drinking tea and coffee after meal can disturb the iron absorption. 331 52.5
Nutrition
 Please mention three food groups
  Carbohydrates 131 20.8
  Proteins 252 40.0
  Vitamins and minerals 319 50.6
 Pregnant woman should not avoid certain food such as beans, vegetables and meat. 609 96.7
 Pregnant woman should eat more especially second (13–27 weeks) and third trimester (28–36 weeks). 595 94.4
 If pregnant woman does not eat nutritious food, she has risk of maternal and child death. 603 95.7
 Malnutrition during pregnancy can contribute to low birth weight and preterm delivery 606 96.2
 Malnutrition during pregnancy can contribute to miscarriage and stillbirth 591 93.8