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Table 3 Primary and secondary outcomes by provider gestalt category

From: Modified systemic inflammatory response syndrome and provider gestalt predicting adverse outcomes in children under 5 years presenting to an urban emergency department of a tertiary hospital in Tanzania

Outcome Healthy Mild Moderate Severe p value
Primary outcomes
  N = 97 N = 546 N = 453 N = 245  
24-h mortality 0 2 (0.4%, 95% CI − 0.13 to 0.93%) 5 (1.1%, 95% CI 0.14–2.06%) 30 (12.2%, 95% CI 8.10–16.30%) < 0.0001
In-hospital mortality 0 10 (1.8%, 95% CI 0.70–3.00%) 22 (4.9%, 95% CI 2.90–6.80%) 75 (30.6%, 95% CI 24.8036.40%) < 0.0001
Secondary outcomes
  N = 97 N = 546 N = 457 N = 250  
APCU admission/pediatric consult 2 (2.1%, 95% CI −0.75 to 4.95%) 6 (1.1%, 95% CI 0.23–1.97%) 14 (3.1%, 95% CI 1.51–4.69%) 24 (9.6%, 95% CI 5.95–13.25%) < 0.0001
ED mortality 0 0 0 12 (4.8%, 95% CI 2.15–7.45%) < 0.0001
LOS 0 IQR 0–0 0 IQR 0–4 3 IQR 0–7.8 6.5 IQR 2–13 < 0.0001
  1. *Removed from the 24-h analysis, as there was no surety of what happened to the patient
  2. **Presumed alive at 30 days and included in the 30-day analysis as they were not found in the death records and hence included in 30-analysis