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Table 1 Baseline demographic characteristics of the study population

From: Modified systemic inflammatory response syndrome and provider gestalt predicting adverse outcomes in children under 5 years presenting to an urban emergency department of a tertiary hospital in Tanzania

  All (N = 1350) Classifiable by mSIRS (n = 1030) Not classifiable by mSIRS (n = 320) p value
Age, months
 Median (interquartile range) 17 (8–32) 15 (7–28) 24 (9–41) < 0.0001
Gender
 Male, no. (%) 784 (58.07%) 599 (58.16%) 185 (57.81%) 0.91**
 Female, no. (%) 566 (41.93%) 431 (41.84%) 135 (42.19%)  
Findings at presentation
SBP (mmHg)
 Median 102 101 102 0.95*
 Interquartile range 92–111 93–110 91–111  
 Hypotension, no. (%) 67 (4.96%) 54 (5.24%) 13 (4.06%) 0.40**
Pulse rate
 Median 138 142 127 < 0.0001*
 Interquartile range 120–156 123–158 113–143  
 Tachycardia, no. (%) 231 (17.11%) 212 (20.58%) 19 (5.94%) < 0.0001**
 Bradycardia, no. (%) 26 (1.93%) 20 (1.94%) 6 (1.88%) 0.94**
Respiratory rate
 Median 32 32 32 0.48*
 Interquartile range 26–35 26–34 28–36  
 Abnormal temperature, no. (%)ǁ 232 (17.19%) 139 (13.50%) 32 (10%) 0.10**
 Oxygen saturation < 95%, no. (%) 98 (7.26%) 89 (8.64%) 9 (2.81%) 0.0004**
Level of responsiveness     < 0.0001**
 Alert, no. (%)* 1274 (94.37%) 956 (92.82%) 318 (99.38%)  
 Voice, no. (%)** 12 (0.89%) 12 (1.16%) 0  
 Pain, no. (%) 47 (3.48%) 46 (4.47%) 1 (0.31%)  
 Unresponsive, no. (%)§ 17 (1.26%) 16 (1.55%) 1 (0.31%)  
  1. aHypotension was defined as systolic blood pressure of less than 75 mmHg in children aged 1 month to more than 5 years and less than 74 mmHg in children aged 2 to 5 years
  2. Tachycardia was a heart rate of more than 180 beats per minute in children aged 1 month to less than 2 years and more than 140 bpm in children aged 2 to 5 years
  3. Bradycardia was defined as less than 90 bpm in children aged 1 month to less than 2 years, and it was not applicable to children aged 2 to 5 years
  4. ǁTemperate was defined as measuring at the axilla, either less than 35.4 °C or more than 37.9 °C
  5. *Alertness in a child was defined as the child being active
  6. **Responding to voice was defined as the child responded when called his/her name by the parent/guardian in children aged less than 1 year and child responding by making sound or words in children aged more than 1 year
  7. Painful stimulus in a child was defined as when the child was touched or inflicted pain, cried, or grimaced
  8. §Unresponsiveness was defined as the child not responding to any external stimulus