Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 4 Factors associated with viral suppression among adolescents on ART

From: Virologic failure in HIV-positive adolescents with perfect adherence in Uganda: a cross-sectional study

Variables Adjusted model
AOR CI P value
Age   1.01 0.82–1.23 0.95
Sex Male 1.00   
Female 1.49 0.72–3.08 0.28
Education level Primary 1.00   
Ordinary, advanced, and tertiary 0.65 0.24–1.81 0.42
Perceived family support No 1.00   
Yes 1.72 0.36–8.21 0.49
Disclosure among family members No 1.00   
Yes 1.53 0.38–6.12 0.55
Religion Catholic 1.00   
Anglican 0.19 0.06–0.62 0.01
Muslim 0.17 0.05–0.55 0.003
Other 0.42 0.12–1.49 0.18
Years on ART 0–2 years 1.00   
3–5 years 0.61 0.16–2.42 0.49
More than 5 years 0.74 0.19–2.81 0.66
CD4 count at initiation > 500 cells/mL 1.00   
200–499 cells/mL 0.44 0.15–1.35 0.15
< 200 cells/mL 0.27 0.07–1.02 0.05
Adherence status Poor/Fair 1.00   
Good 2.73 1.09–6.82 0.03
Treatment failure No 1.00   
Yes 0.26 0.09–0.77 0.01
WHO clinical stage Stages I and II 1.00   
Stages III and IV 0.65 0.17–2.45 0.52
Nutritional status Moderate/severely malnourished 1.00   
Normal 0.11 0.02–0.67 0.02
Regimen AZT + 3TC + EFV 1.00   
AZT + 3TC + NVP 1.36 0.56–3.27 0.49
ABC + 3TC + EFV 3.22 0.28–44.06 0.33
Attending clinic in the same space with adults No 1.00   
Yes 0.54 0.22–1.35 0.19
Ever been prayed for No 1.00   
Yes 0.38 0.15–0.96 0.04
Believe in God healing their illness No 1.00   
Yes 2.61 0.87–7.81 0.09
Another member living with HIV in the same household No 1.00   
Yes 1.35 0.61–2.99 0.46
  1. Notes: n = 200