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Table 3 Treatment- and health-related characteristics of adolescents and viral suppression

From: Virologic failure in HIV-positive adolescents with perfect adherence in Uganda: a cross-sectional study

Characteristics Achieved viral suppression (n = 131) No viral suppression (n = 69)
n % n %
Viral suppression Men   63 48.0 41 59.0
  Women   68 52.0 28 41.0
Years on ART (years) 0–2   28 21.4   7 10.1
3–5   36 27.5 23 33.3
More than 5   67 51.1 39 56.5
CD4 count at initiation (cells/mL) More than 500   44 33.6 10 14.5
200–499   30 22.9 15 21.7
Less than 200   22 16.8 21 30.4
Missing   35 26.7 23 33.3
Adherence status Good > 95% 111 84.7 49 71.0
Fair/poor < 95%   20 15.3 20 29.0
History of treatment failure Yes   10  7.6 19 27.5
No 121 92.4 50 72.5
WHO clinical stage I 116 88.5 58 84.1
II     3  2.3   3  4.3
III     8  6.1   8 11.6
IV     4  3.1   
Nutritional status Normal 118 90.0 65 94.2
MAM     9  6.9   4  5.8
SAM     4  3.1   
Regimen AZT + 3TC + EFV     7 35.9 29 42.0
AZT + 3TC + NVP   77 58.8 39 56.5
ABC + 3TC + EFV     7  5.3   1 1.5
  1. Notes: SAM severely acutely malnourished, MAM moderately acutely malnourished