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Table 3 Logistic regression analyses of participant factors associated with T. gondii seropositivity

From: Toxoplasma gondii seroprevalence among pregnant women attending antenatal clinic in Northern Tanzania

Variable Category Positive: n/N (%) Bivariable Multivariable
cOR 95% CI p value aOR 95%CI p value
Age groups < 25 20/43 (46.5) 1      
25–35 72/171 (42.1) 0.836 0.427–1.637 0.602    
> 35 21/40 (52.5) 1.271 0.536–3.012 0.586    
Residence Rural 42/96 (43.8) 1      
Urban 71/158 (44.9) 1.049 0.630–1.749 0.854    
Education level Primary Education 33/64 (51.6) 1.431 0.806–2.541 0.221 1.478 0.727–3.005 0.281
≥ Secondary education 80/190 (42.1) 1    1   
Occupation Student 5/17 (29.4) 1    1   
House wife 7/19 (36.8) 1.400 0.346–5.672 0.637 0.991 0.215–4.571 0.991
Famers 8/15 (53.3) 2.743 0.640–11.753 0.174 1.917 0.390–9.425 0.423
Employed 43/91 (47.3) 2.150 0.700–6.599 0.181 1.511 0.441–5.174 0.511
Business 50/112 (44.6) 1.935 0.639–5.860 0.243 1.742 0.542–5.595 0.351
HIV status Negative 100/229 (43.7) 1    1   
Positive 7/13 (53.8) 0.676 0.220–2.075 0.494 0.699 0.220–2.223 0.544
Cat ownership Yes 20/39 (51.3) 1.355 0.684–2.683 0.384    
No 93/254 (43.3) 1      
Eating undercooked meat Yes 89/201 (44.3) 0.98 0.533–1.800 0.947    
No 24/53 (45.3) 1      
Eating raw vegetables Yes 92/221 (41.6) 0.415 0.195–0.886 0.023 0.344 0.151–0.784 0.011**
No 21/33 (63.6) 1    1   
Eating unwashed fruits Yes 20/44 (45.5) 1.028 0.535–1.975 0.933    
No 93/210 (44.3) 1      
Water sources Tap water 104/237 (43.8) 0.803 0.292–2.211 0.671    
Others 9/17 (52.9) 1      
Regular soil contact Yes 74/181 (40.9) 0.617 0.357–1.066 0.083 0.482 0.268–0.868 0.015**
No 39/73 (53.4) 1    1   
Habit of eating soil (geophage) Yes 20/49 (40.8) 0.788 0.433–1.434 0.435    
No 93/205 (45.4) 1      
  1. cOR crude odds ratio, aOR adjusted odds ratio