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Table 1 Characteristics of the mothers and comparison by children’s Ov status (n = 284)

From: Mothers’ Opisthorchis viverrini infection status and raw fish dish consumption in Lao People’s Democratic Republic: determinants of child infection status

  n (%) Children’s Ov status p value
Negative, n (%) Positive, n (%)
Children’s sex
 Male 158 (55.6) 23 (14.6) 135 (85.4) 0.178
 Female 126 (44.4) 26 (20.6) 100 (79.4)  
Ethnicity
 Lao-Tai 228 (80.3) 42 (18.4) 186 (81.6) 0.331
 Mon-Khmer 56 (19.7) 7 (12.5) 49 (87.5)  
Education level of mother
 Illiterate/no schooling 105 (37.0) 16 (15.2) 89 (84.8) 0.168
 Primary 149 (52.5) 24 (16.1) 125 (83.9)  
 Secondary 30 (10.6) 9 (30.0) 21 (70.0)  
Marital status
 Married 266 (93.7) 48 (18.1) 218 (82.0) 0.346
 Widowed 11 (3.9) 0 (0.0) 11 (100.0)  
 Divorced 7 (2.5) 1 (14.3) 6 (85.7)  
Religion
 Buddhist 186 (65.5) 38 (20.4) 148 (79.6) 0.005
 Animist 98 (34.5) 11 (11.2) 87 (88.8)  
Occupation
 Rice farmer 276 (97.2) 45 (16.3) 231 (83.7) 0.032
 Other* 8 (2.8) 4 (50.0) 4 (50.0)  
Toilet mainly used
 No facility 122 (43.0) 14 (11.5) 108 (88.5) 0.007
 Pit latrine 111 (39.1) 19 (17.1) 92 (82.9)  
 Flush 51 (18.0) 16 (31.4) 35 (68.6)  
  1. Total may not become 100% due to rounding off
  2. Fisher’s exact test
  3. *Teacher/civil servant (n = 4), no occupation (n = 3), trade/business (n = 1)