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Table 3 Spatial clusters of under-five diarrhea in Southern Ethiopia between July 2011 and June 2017

From: Spatial, temporal, and spatiotemporal analysis of under-five diarrhea in Southern Ethiopia

Cluster number District Population Coordinates Obs.* Exp¥ Annual cases/100,000 Obs./exp RR LLR P value
Primary cluster Boricha 49,076 6.939005 N, 38.253064 E 29,153 17,146.87 9898.2 1.70 1.82 3864.33 < 0.001
1st secondary cluster Malga 21,530 6.933700 N, 38.562860 E 11,952 7522.60 9249.8 1.59 1.65 1154.94 < 0.001
2nd secondary cluster Hulla 25,348 6.487117 N, 38.522366 E 13,335 8856.59 8765.7 1.51 1.54 1030.89 < 0.001
3rd secondary cluster Shebedino 45,872 6.874400 N, 38.441810 E 19,636 16,027.43 7132.6 1.23 1.25 413.94 < 0.001
4th secondary cluster Aleta Wondo 37,058 6.596820 N, 38.422840 E 16,005 12,947.92 7196.4 1.24 1.26 360.24 < 0.001
5th secondary cluster Dale 47,585 6.745428 N, 38.409888 E) 17,713 16,626.00 6202.4 1.07 1.07 37.97 < 0.001
6th secondary cluster Loka Abaya 19,459 6.694306 N, 38.202427 E 7351 6799.06 6294.4 1.08 1.08 22.60 < 0.001
  1. RR relative risk, LLR log-likelihood ratio
  2. *Number of observed cases in a cluster
  3. ¥Number of expected cases in a cluster