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Table 2 Univariate analysis of variance of the relationship between demographic characteristics and health literacy scores: multiple comparisons (post hoc tests)

From: Self-reported functional, communicative, and critical health literacy on foodborne diseases in Accra, Ghana

Functional health literacy Critical health literacy
(I) Educational level (J) Educational level Mean difference (I-J) P value (I) Marital status (J) Marital status Mean difference (I-J) P value
No education Primary − 0.0601 1.000 Single Consensual union 1.8102 0.032
Junior high 0.7186 0.472   Divorced 0.1546 0.999
Senior high 1.6763 0.001   Separated 0.3221 0.992
Tertiary 1.7378 0.022   Married 0.1534 0.993
Primary No education 0.0601 1.000 Consensual union Single − 1.8102 0.032
Junior high 0.7788 0.271   Divorced − 1.6555 0.244
Senior high 1.7364 0.000   Separated − 1.4881 0.463
Tertiary 1.798 0.008   Married −1.6568 0.068
Junior high No education − 0.7186 0.472 Divorced Single − 0.1546 0.999
Primary − 0.7788 0.271   Consensual union 1.6555 0.244
Senior high 0.9577 0.006   Separated 0.1674 1.000
Tertiary 1.0192 0.201   Married − 0.0013 1.000
Senior high No education − 1.6763 0.001 Separated Single − 0.3221 0.992
Primary − 1.7364 0.000   Consensual union 1.4881 0.463
Junior high − 0.9577 0.006   Divorced − 0.1674 1.000
Tertiary 0.0615 1.000   Married − 0.1687 0.999
Tertiary No education − 1.7378 0.022 Married Single − 0.1534 0.993
Primary − 1.798 0.008   Consensual union 1.6568 0.068
Junior high − 1.0192 0.201   Divorced 0.0013 1.000
Senior high − 0.0615 1.000   Separated 0.1687 0.999
  1. Other independent variables controlled for include sex, age, and religious affiliation