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Table 5 Modern medicines used for self-medication by pregnant women by trimester and US FDA pregnancy risk classification, Addis Ababa, 2017 (n = 112)

From: Self-medication practice and associated factors among pregnant women in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Medicines used n (%)* Trimester, n US FDA risk category
1st 2nd 3rd
Paracetamol 55 (49.1) 27 22 6 B
Amoxicillin 26 (23.2) 12 14   B
Tinidazole 5 (4.5) 2 2 1 C
Metronidazole 4 (3.6) 1 2 1 B
Ibuprofen 6 (5.4) 2 4   C
Albendazole 6 (5.4) 4 2   C
Panadol 7 (6.3) 3 4   D
Diclofenac 5 (4.5) 1 3 1 C
Mebendazole 2 (1.8) 1 1   C
Augmentin (amoxicillin + clavulanate) 1(0.9)    1 B
Azithromycin 1 (0.9)   1   B
Tetracycline 3 (2.7)   3   D
Magnesium trisilicate 2 (1.8) 1 1   B
Ciprofloxacin 4 (3.6) 1 3   D
Aspirin 3 (2.7) 1 1 1 D
Bactrim (sulfamethoxazole + trimethoprim) 2 (1.8) 2    D
Ampicillin 2 (1.8)   2   B
Depo-provera (medroxyprogesterone) 1 (0.9) 1    X
Unknown medicines 3 (2.7) 2 1   
  1. *More than one medicine could be used by a pregnant woman