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Table 4 Univariate and multivariate analysis of sociodemographic, housing conditions, and protective activities associated with CL

From: Risk factors for cutaneous leishmaniasis in the rainforest of Bolivia: a cross-sectional study

Factor Unadjusted OR with 95%CI Adjusted OR with 95%CI
Sex Female 1.0 1.0
Male 2.2 (1.3–3.7) 3.2 (1.6–6.6)
Age in years Mean (SD) 1.0 (1.0–1.0)  
Residence Chipiriri community 1.0 1.0
Ichoa community 1.9 (1.1–3.3) 1.9 (0.6–5.7)
Years of residence More than 10 1.0  
Below 10 1.3 (0.8–2.2)  
Migrant from highlands No 1.0  
Yes 1.1 (0.7–1.8)  
Mother tongue Spanish 1.0  
Quechua or Aymara 1.0 (0.5–2.1)  
Farmer No 1.0 1.0
Yes 1.9 (1.2–3.1) 1.7 (0.8–3.4)
Reading No 1.0  
Yes 1.6 (0.8–3.2)  
Education in years Mean(SD) 1.0 (0.9–1.1)  
Wall material Brick or concrete 1.0 1.0
Wood and others 1.9 (1.1–3.3) 1.0 (0.4–2.7)
Drainage system Septic tank 1.0 1.0
Cesspool and others 2.3 (1.2–4.5) 2.0 (0.6–6.8)
Cooking fuel Wood 1.0  
Gas 1.5 (0.9–2.8)  
Number of rooms 3 or more 1.0  
Fewer than 3 1.8 (1.1–2.9)  
Number of persons per room mean (SD) 1.21 (1.04–1.40) 1.2 (1.0–1.4)
Ownership of dogs Yes 1.0  
No 1.1 (0.7–2.0)  
Ownership of hens No 1.0 1.0
Yes 2.5 (1.1–5.9) 2.4 (0.9–6.1)
Use of bed net Always 1.0  
Sometimes 5.7 (0.7–47.6)  
Use of repellent Always 4.9 (0.6–42.0)  
Sometimes 1.0  
Never 1.4 (0.7–2.8)  
House fumigations Very often or always 1.2 (0.7–2.2)  
Sometimes 1.0  
Never 1.2 (0.7–2.1)  
Sleeping with windows open Always 1.0 1.0
Sometimes 2.2 (1.3–3.7) 3.2 (1.6–6.6)