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Table 5 Knowledge of the general public on personal protective measures (PPMs)

From: Risk perceptions, attitudes, and knowledge of chikungunya among the public and health professionals: a systematic review

  Author (year) Location Sample size Proportion Preventative measure Description of outcome
Mosquito repellents
  [21] Arpit (2012) India 274 53.3% Repellents Knowledge on personal control measures
  [22] Nagpal (2012) India 1000 12–52% across study states Repellents Knowledge on how to protect yourself from mosquitoes
  [35] Majra (2011) India 150 cases, 450 non-cases 72% cases 30% non-cases Repellents Knowledge on preventative measures
  [31] Thakor (2015) India 100 53.3% Repellents Knowledge on personal protection
Mosquito nets
  [21] Arpit (2012) India 274 71.9% Mosquito nets Knowledge on personal control measures
  [22] Nagpal (2012) India 1000 0–85% across study states Bed nets Knowledge on how to protect yourself from mosquitoes
  [35] Majra (2011) India 150 cases, 450 non-cases 60% cases 92% non-cases Mosquito nets Knowledge on preventative measures
  [31] Thakor (2015) India 100 71.9% Mosquito nets Knowledge on personal protection
Mosquito nets and repellents
  [19] Patil (2013) India 154 23.2% Mosquito nets and repellents Knowledge on preventing chikungunya
Protective clothing
  [22] Nagpal (2012) India 1000 1–30% across study states Wear body covering clothing Knowledge on how to protect yourself from mosquitoes
  [35] Majra (2011) India 150 cases, 450 non-cases 7% cases 24% non-cases Wearing full dresses Knowledge on preventative measures
Mosquito proofing home
  [22] Nagpal (2012) India 1000 0–6% across study states Make house mosquito proof Knowledge on how to protect yourself from mosquitoes
  [35] Majra (2011) India 150 cases, 450 non-cases 30% cases 70% non-cases Screening of houses Knowledge on preventative measures
Other
  [20] Kohli (2013) India 350 5.7% Using PPMs Knowledge on prevention of MBDs
  [43] Raude (2009) Mayotte 888 60.5% Self-protective behavior Knowledge of self-protective behavior
  [18] Anand (2014) India 100 93% PPMs Knowledge on prevention of MBDs
  [46] Vaidya (2013) India 178 74.2% Cleaning Knowledge on protective measures
  1. MBD mosquito borne disease