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Table 1 General characteristics of 37 included primary research publications

From: Risk perceptions, attitudes, and knowledge of chikungunya among the public and health professionals: a systematic review

Category   Count (percentage)
Continent/countrya,b  
Asia India 16 (41.0%)
Singapore 1 (2.6%)
Sri Lanka 1 (2.6%)
Europe France 2 (5.1%)
Italy 1 (2.6%)
Spain 1 (2.6%)
Indian Ocean Islands La Réunion 7 (18.0%)
Mauritius 2 (5.1%)
Mayotte 2 (5.1%)
Americas USA 2 (5.1%)
Colombia 1 (2.6%)
French Guiana 1 (2.6%)
Nicaragua 1 (2.6%)
US Virgin Islands 1 (2.6%)
Language
  English 36 (97.3%)
French 1 (2.7%)
Date of publication
  2007–2010 6 (16.2%)
2011–2016 31 (83.8%)
Risk of bias assessmentc
  Low risk of bias 16 (45.7%)
Unclear risk of bias 16 (45.7%)
High risk of bias 3 (8.6%)
Study design
  Cross-sectional 28 (75.7%)
Quasi-experiment 5 (13.5%)
Qualitative 2 (5.4%)
Case-control 1 (2.7%)
Longitudinal 1 (2.7%)
Population
  General public 32 (86.5%)
Health professionals 5 (13.5%)
Theory of behavior change used
  None 28 (75.7%)
Health belief model 3 (8.1%)
Stages of change theory 2 (5.4%)
Theory of planned behavior 4 (10.8%)
  1. aTotal number sums to >37 as studies can fall into more than one category
  2. bTotal percentages do not equal 100 due to rounding
  3. cTotal number sums to 35 as qualitative studies were not given an overall risk of bias score