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Table 2 Patients’ evolution and length of stay according to sociodemographic characteristics and chronic conditions

From: Chronic illness needing palliative care in Kinshasa hospitals, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)

Variables Evolution p valuea Mean length of stay (days) ±SD p valueb
Hospi n (%) Lost to follow-up n (%) Death n (%)
Sex     0.003   0.009
 Male 52 (37.1) 943 (51.9) 365 (49.3) 16.2 ± 15.8
 Female 88 (62.9) 875 (48.1) 376 (50.7) 14.3 ± 14.9
Age group (years)     0.432   0.234
 <40 32 (22.9) 341 (18.8) 137 (18.5) 15.8 ± 14.1
 41–65 82 (58.6) 1122 (6.7) 440 (59.4) 14.8 ± 14.1
 >65 26 (18.6) 355 (19.5) 164 (22.1) 15.9 ± 19.6
Area of origin     0.028   <0.001
 Urban 23 (16.4) 403 (22.2) 159 (21.5) 12.2 ± 12.3
 Peri-urban 61 (43.6) 918 (50.5) 364 (49.1) 16.2 ± 15.6
 Rural 56 (40.0) 497 (27.3) 218 (29.4) 15.9 ± 16.9
Chronic disease     <0.001   0.083
 CVD 26 (18.7) 719 (39.8) 252 (34.2) 14.3 ± 15.9
 Oncology 40 (28.8) 262 (14.5) 111 (15.1) 16.0 ± 14.4
 AIDS 33 (23.7) 258 (14.3) 180 (24.4) 15.4 ± 17.2
 Comorbidity 40 (28.8) 567 (31.4) 194 (26.3) 15.8 ± 14.0
  1. SD standard deviation, Hospi hospitalization
  2. aChi-square test
  3. bStudent t test or single-factor ANOVA