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Table 3 The incidence of diseases listed according to the highest number of facilities with diagnostic capacity

From: The capacity of diagnostic laboratories in Kenya for detecting infectious diseases

  Adjusted incidence ratea
(95% C.I.)
Total facilities;
number of facilities
(N = 86 facilities)
  Adjusted incidence ratea
(95% C.I.)
Public health facilities;
number of facilities
(N = 36 facilities)
Escherichia coli Unknown 56 (65%) Malaria (clinical) <5 years 21,073.6 (21,043.5–21,103.7)
≥5 years 6865.8 (6858.3–6873.3)
29 (81%)
Salmonella spp. Unknown 46 (53%) New AIDS cases <5 years 23.7 (22.6–24.8)
≥5 years 59.9 (59.2–60.7)
28 (78%)
Malaria (clinical) <5 years 21,073.6 (21,043.5–21,103.7)
≥5 years 6865.8 (6858.3–6873.3)
46 (53%) Giardia lamblia Unknown 26 (72%)
Salmonella Typhi <5 years 456.9 (451.9–461.9)
≥5 years 1496.5 (1492.9–1500.1)
45 (52%) Escherichia coli Unknown 25 (69%)
Staphylococcus aureus Unknown 43 (50%) Salmonella Typhi <5 years 456.9 (451.9–461.9)
≥5 years 1496.5 (1492.9–1500.1)
25 (69%)
Giardia lamblia Unknown 40 (47%) Mycobacterium tuberculosis <5 years 32.6 (31.3–33.9)
≥5 years 67.4 (66.7–68.2)
24 (67%)
New AIDS cases <5 years 23.7 (22.6–24.8)
≥5 years 59.9 (59.2–60.7)
39 (45%) Hepatitis <5 years 28.5 (27.2–29.7)
≥5 years 26.2 (25.8–26.7)
24 (67%)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa Unknown 38 (44%) Helicobacter pylori Unknown 20 (56%)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis <5 years 32.6 (31.3–33.9)
≥5 years 67.4 (66.7–68.2)
34 (40%) Staphylococcus aureus Unknown 20 (56%)
Shigella dysenteriae Partial <5 years 28.5 (27.2–29.7)
Partial ≥5 years 26.2 (25.8–26.7)
33 (38%) Salmonella species Unknown 19 (53%)
Brucella species <5 years 37.0 (35.6–38.4)
≥5 years 192.2 (190.9–193.5)
32 (37%) Shigella dysenteriae Partial <5 years 28.5 (27.2–29.7)
Partial ≥5 years 26.2 (25.8–26.7)
18 (50%)
Hepatitis <5 years 28.5 (27.2–29.7)
≥5 years 26.2 (25.8–26.7)
29 (34%) Pseudomonas aeruginosa Unknown 17 (47%)
Vibrio cholerae <5 years ––––––––––––
≥5 years 0.3 (0.29–0.4)
27 (31%) Brucella species <5 years 37.0 (35.6–38.4)
≥5 years 192.2 (190.9–193.5)
16 (44%)
Helicobacter pylori Unknown 26 (30%) Vibrio cholerae <5 years –––––––––
≥5 years 0.3 (0.29–0.4)
15 (42%)
Salmonella Typhimurium Unknown 25 (29%) Neisseria meningitidis <5 years 7.3 (6.7–8.0)
≥5 years 2.9 (2.7–3.0)
13 (36%)
Neisseria meningitidis <5 years 7.3 (6.7–8.0)
≥5 years 2.9 (2.7–3.0)
22 (26%) Salmonella Typhimurium Unknown 12 (33%)
  1. aAdjusted data (based on reporting rates) according to the information provided by KNBS [6]