Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Viability of embedded sand fleas in the treatment groups at baseline and the subsequent follow-upsa

From: Treatment of tungiasis with a two-component dimeticone: a comparison between moistening the whole foot and directly targeting the embedded sand fleas

   Whole foot treatment Targeted Treatment
Lesion stageb No. viable No. non-viable Viable (%) No. viable No. non-viable Viable (%) p value
Baseline (day 0) All lesions 139 0 100 146 0 100 n.a.
stage 2 126 0 100 132 0 100 n.a.
stage 3 13 0 100 14 0 100 n.a.
First follow-up (day 2) All lesions 32 105 23.4 10 132 7.0 <0.001
stage 2 31 92 25.2 8 116 6.5 <0.001
stage 3 1 13 7.1 2 16 11.1 0.600
Second follow-up (day 5) All lesions 15 105 12.5 5 122 3.9 0.018
stage 2 14 95 12.8 5 109 4.4 0.030
stage 3 1 10 9.1 0 13 0 0.458
Third follow-up (day 7) All lesions 6 128 4.5 3 137 2.1 0.326
stage 2 5 115 4.2 3 120 2.4 0.496
stage 3 1 13 7.1 0 17 0.0 0.452
  1. n.a. not applicable
  2. aNot all participants and all lesions could be examined at every occasion, which explains differences in the numbers of examined lesions during follow-ups
  3. bAccording to the Fortaleza classification [25]