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Table 5 Blood meal sources of female anophelines in the lowland (Kesem), midland (Koka), and highland (Koga) dam and non-dam villages in Ethiopia, between October 2013 and July 2014

From: Malaria impact of large dams at different eco-epidemiological settings in Ethiopia

Site Village An. arabiensis An. pharoensis An. funestus An. coustani
Lowland dam Dam village
 No. tested 924 508 311 47
 Positive for human blood (%) 761 (82.4) 348 (68.5) 272 (87.5) 18 (38.3)
 Positive for bovine blood (%) 203 (22.0) 209 (41.1) 40 (12.9) 32 (68.1)
 Unidentified (%) 9 (1.0) 5 (1.0) 2 (0.6) 3 (6.4)
Non-dam village
 No. tested 278 199 0 20
 Positive for human blood (%) 202 (72.7) 122 (61.3) 0 6 (30.0)
 Positive for bovine blood (%) 88 (31.7) 72 (36.2) 0 15 (75.0)
 Unidentified (%) 4 (1.4) 7 (3.5) 0 1 (5.0)
Midland dam Dam village
 No. tested 392 314 18 73
 Positive for human blood (%) 277 (70.7) 201 (64.0) 11 (61.1) 28 (38.4)
 Positive for bovine blood (%) 135 (34.4) 123 (39.2) 7 (38.9) 54 (74.0)
 Unidentified (%) 14 (3.6) 17 (5.4) 0 (0) 3 (4.1)
Non-dam village
 No. tested 168 91 0 44
 Positive for human blood (%) 118 (70.2) 61 (67.0) 0 18 (40.9)
 Positive for bovine blood (%) 62 (36.9) 32 (35.2) 0 34 (77.3)
 Unidentified (%) 7 (4.2) 3 (3.3) 0 2 (4.5)
Highland dam Dam village
 No. tested 45 9 0 5
 Positive for human blood (%) 32 (71.1) 6 (66.7) 0 2 (40.0)
 Positive for bovine blood (%) 16 (35.6) 4 (44.4) 0 3 (60.0)
 Unidentified (%) 0 (0.0) 1 (11.1) 0 0 (0.0)
Non-dam village
 No. tested 11 0 0 16
 Positive for human blood (%) 8 (72.7) 0 0 7 (43.8)
 Positive for bovine blood (%) 4 (36.4) 0 0 9 (56.3)
 Unidentified (%) 1 (9.1) 0 0 1 (6.3)