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Table 2 Distribution of Anopheles species across different types of larval breeding habitats in the lowland (Kesem), midland (Koka), and highland (Koga) dam and non-dam villages in Ethiopia, between October 2013 and July 2014

From: Malaria impact of large dams at different eco-epidemiological settings in Ethiopia

Site Village Type of breeding habitat Number of positive mosquito breeding sites Area of positive mosquito breeding sites sampled (m2) An. arabiensis An. pharoensis An. coustani An. funestus An. cinereus Total no. of Anopheles larvae found
Lowland dam Dam village Shoreline puddle 188 77.3 164 75 10 61 0 310
Rain pools 12 15.2 26 6 5 0 2 39
Man-made pools 8 4.9 8 0 9 0 1 18
Irrigation canals 63 56 248 89 26 63 0 426
Total 271 153.4 446 170 50 124 3 793
Non-dam village Shoreline puddle -a - - - - - - -
Rain pools 18 49 177 110 51 0 0 338
Man-made pools 4 7.3 31 17 12 0 0 60
Irrigation canals - - - - - - - -
Total 22 56.3 208 127 63 0 0 398
Midland dam Dam village Shoreline puddle 90 84.8 129 84 19 4 0 236
Rain pools 10 17.2 18 2 3 0 0 23
Man-made pools 15 14.5 37 3 8 0 1 49
Irrigation canals - - - - - - - -
Total 115 116.5 184 89 30 4 1 308
Non-dam village Shoreline puddle - - - - - - - -
Rain pools 12 37.1 47 27 9 0 0 83
Man-made pools 4 11 32 5 2 0 0 39
Irrigation canals - - - - - - - -
Total 16 48.1 79 32 11 0 0 122
Highland dam Dam village Shoreline puddle 10 12.1 14 2 6 1 0 23
Rain pools 17 15.8 28 0 10 0 0 38
Man-made pools 2 1.5 4 0 2 0 0 6
Irrigation canals 28 54.8 65 17 14 2 0 98
Total 57 84.2 111 19 32 3 0 165
Non-dam village Shoreline puddle - - - - - - - -
Rain pools 8 12.4 47 11 3 0 0 61
Man-made pools 3 6.1 8 5 0 0 0 13
Irrigation canals 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total 11 18.5 55 16 3 0 0 74
  1. a- indicates that this type of breeding habitat did not exist