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  1. Research

    Wuchereria bancrofti infection at four primary schools and surrounding communities with no previous blood surveys in northern Uganda: the prevalence after mass drug administrations and a report on suspected non-filarial endemic elephantiasis

    A prevalence study of Wuchereria bancrofti infection was carried out in 2014 at 4 study sites in northern Uganda using antigen and microfilaria tests. Each study site consists of a primary school and surrounding ...

    Emmanuel Igwaro Odongo-Aginya, Alex Olia, Kilama Justin Luwa, Eiji Nagayasu, Anna Mary Auma, Geoffrey Egitat, Gerald Mwesigwa, Yoshitaka Ogino, Eisaku Kimura and Toshihiro Horii

    Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:20

    Published on: 15 August 2017

  2. Research

    Tumor infiltrating leukocyte density is independent of tumor grade and molecular subtype in aggressive breast cancer of Western Kenya

    Tumors commonly are infiltrated by leukocytes, or tumor infiltrating leukocytes (TILs). It remains unclear, however, if the density and type of individual TILs has a direct or simply correlative role in promot...

    Rispah T. Sawe, Simeon K. Mining, Ayub V. Ofulla, Kirtika Patel, Bernard Guyah, David Chumba, Jenifer R. Prosperi, Maggie Kerper, Zonggao Shi, Mayra Sandoval-Cooper, Katherine Taylor, Sunil Badve, M. Sharon Stack and Laurie E. Littlepage

    Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:19

    Published on: 4 August 2017

  3. Research

    Prevalence and risk factors associated with lymphatic filariasis in American Samoa after mass drug administration

    In 2000, American Samoa had 16.5% prevalence of lymphatic filariasis (LF) antigenemia. Annual mass drug administration (MDA) was conducted using single-dose albendazole plus diethylcarbamazine from 2000 to 200...

    Shaun P. Coutts, Jonathan D. King, Molisamoa Pa’au, Saipale Fuimaono, Joseph Roth, Mary Rose King, Patrick J. Lammie, Colleen L. Lau and Patricia M. Graves

    Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:22

    Published on: 4 August 2017

  4. Review

    Evaluations of training programs to improve human resource capacity for HIV, malaria, and TB control: a systematic scoping review of methods applied and outcomes assessed

    Owing to the global health workforce crisis, more funding has been invested in strengthening human resources for health, particularly for HIV, tuberculosis, and malaria control; however, little is known about ...

    Shishi Wu, Imara Roychowdhury and Mishal Khan

    Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:16

    Published on: 1 July 2017

  5. Research

    High prevalence of helminths infection and associated risk factors among adults living in a rural setting, central Kenya: a cross-sectional study

    Schistosome infection and soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) are major public health problems in many developing countries where they contribute to the suffering of populations living in poor settings. A cross-...

    Janet Masaku, Faith Mutungi, Paul M. Gichuki, Collins Okoyo, Doris W. Njomo and Sammy M. Njenga

    Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:15

    Published on: 1 July 2017

  6. Research

    Surveillance efforts after mass drug administration to validate elimination of lymphatic filariasis as a public health problem in Vanuatu

    Vanuatu was formerly highly endemic for lymphatic filariasis (LF), caused by Wuchereria bancrofti and transmitted by Anopheles mosquitoes. After a baseline survey showing 4.8% antigen prevalence in 1998, the coun...

    Fasihah Taleo, George Taleo, Patricia M. Graves, Peter Wood, Sung Hye Kim, Masayo Ozaki, Hayley Joseph, Brian Chu, Alex Pavluck, Aya Yajima, Wayne Melrose, Kazuyo Ichimori and Corinne Capuano

    Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:18

    Published on: 16 June 2017

  7. Research

    Identification of the Plasmodium species in clinical samples from children residing in five epidemiological strata of malaria in Cameroon

    Malaria in Cameroon was previously known to be caused solely by Plasmodium falciparum but today, evidence points to other Plasmodium species including P. vivax, P. ovale and P. malariae. The purpose of this study...

    Tebit Emmanuel Kwenti, Tayong Dizzle Bita Kwenti, Longdoh Anna Njunda, Andreas Latz, Kukwah Anthony Tufon and Theresa Nkuo-Akenji

    Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:14

    Published on: 15 June 2017

  8. Research

    Impact of the Lymphatic Filariasis Control Program towards elimination of filariasis in Vanuatu, 1997–2006

    Lymphatic filariasis (LF) occurs when filarial parasites are transmitted to humans through mosquitoes. The filarial worms affect the lymphatic system which leads to abnormal enlargement of body parts, chronic ...

    Tammy Allen, Fasihah Taleo, Patricia M. Graves, Peter Wood, George Taleo, Margaret C. Baker, Mark Bradley and Kazuyo Ichimori

    Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:8

    Published on: 12 June 2017

  9. Research

    Identification and control of an isolated, but intense focus of lymphatic filariasis on Satawal Island, Federated States of Micronesia, in 2003

    There is very limited data available on the prevalence of Bancroftian filariasis in the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM). Considerable attempts to eliminate the disease had occurred in the Pacific region b...

    Moses Pretrick, Wayne Melrose, Jean-Paul Chaine, Deon Canyon, Jaime Carron, Patricia M. Graves and Richard S. Bradbury

    Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:17

    Published on: 9 June 2017

  10. Research

    Environmental factors associated with the distribution of visceral leishmaniasis in endemic areas of Bangladesh: modeling the ecological niche

    Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a parasitic infection (also called kala-azar in South Asia) caused by Leishmania donovani that is a considerable threat to public health in the Indian subcontinent, including densel...

    Abu Yousuf Md Abdullah, Ashraf Dewan, Md Rakibul Islam Shogib, Md Masudur Rahman and Md Faruk Hossain

    Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:13

    Published on: 12 May 2017

  11. Research

    Chronic illness needing palliative care in Kinshasa hospitals, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)

    Chronic illnesses are a major public health problem in low-income countries. In the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), few data are available, especially in palliative care. In this context, the present s...

    Jacques Lofandjola Masumbuku, Ernest Sumaili Kiswaya, Philippe Mairiaux, Daniel Gillain and Jean Petermans

    Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:11

    Published on: 5 May 2017

  12. Short report

    Variation in rotavirus vaccine coverage by sub-counties in Kenya

    Rotavirus gastroenteritis is an important cause of childhood morbidity and mortality in Kenya. In July 2014, Kenya introduced the rotavirus vaccine into her national immunization program. Although immunization...

    Ernest Apondi Wandera, Shah Mohammad, John Odhiambo Ouko, James Yatitch, Koki Taniguchi and Yoshio Ichinose

    Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:9

    Published on: 24 April 2017

  13. Review

    Toxoplasmosis seroprevalence in Iranian women and risk factors of the disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis

    Toxoplasmosis is caused by an intracellular obligatory parasite, Toxoplasma gondii, and it has global distribution. The purposes of this systematic review and meta-analysis were to evaluate the seroprevalence of ...

    Azadeh Mizani, Abbas Alipour, Mehdi Sharif, Shahabeddin Sarvi, Afsaneh Amouei, Azar Shokri, Mohammad-Taghi Rahimi, Seyed Abdollah Hosseini and Ahmad Daryani

    Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:7

    Published on: 12 April 2017

  14. Research

    Treatment of tungiasis with a two-component dimeticone: a comparison between moistening the whole foot and directly targeting the embedded sand fleas

    Tungiasis (sand flea disease) is caused by the penetration of female sand fleas (Tunga penetrans, Siphonaptera) into the skin. It belongs to the neglected tropical diseases and is prevalent in South America, the ...

    Per Nordin, Marlene Thielecke, Nicholas Ngomi, George Mukone Mudanga, Ingela Krantz and Hermann Feldmeier

    Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:6

    Published on: 10 March 2017

  15. Research

    Cutaneous leishmaniasis in French Guiana: revising epidemiology with PCR-RFLP

    The development of polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) technique for species identification among patients presenting leishmaniasis allowed to better determine the mai...

    Stephane Simon, Mathieu Nacher, Bernard Carme, Celia Basurko, Amaury Roger, Antoine Adenis, Marine Ginouves, Magalie Demar and Pierre Couppie

    Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:5

    Published on: 28 February 2017

  16. Research

    Prevalence and characterization of Salmonella among humans in Ghana

    Non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS) is a public health problem worldwide and particularly in Africa with high disease burden. This study characterized Salmonella isolates from humans in Ghana to determine serovar dist...

    Linda Aurelia Andoh, Shabana Ahmed, John Elmerdahl Olsen, Kwasi Obiri-Danso, Mercy Jemima Newman, Japheth Awuletey Opintan, Lisa Barco and Anders Dalsgaard

    Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:3

    Published on: 10 February 2017

  17. Research

    Temperature during pregnancy influences the fetal growth and birth size

    Birth weight and length have seasonal fluctuations. However, it is uncertain which meteorological element has an effect on birth outcomes and which timing of pregnancy would explain such effect. Therefore, the...

    Harunor Rashid, Miki Kagami, Farzana Ferdous, Enbo Ma, Toru Terao, Taiichi Hayashi and Yukiko Wagatsuma

    Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:1

    Published on: 10 January 2017

  18. Research

    Prevalence, seasonal variation, and antibiotic resistance pattern of enteric bacterial pathogens among hospitalized diarrheic children in suburban regions of central Kenya

    The epidemiology of enteric pathogens has not been well studied in Kenya because of wide disparities in health status across the country. Therefore, the present study describes the prevalence of enteropathogen...

    Mohammad Shah, Cyrus Kathiiko, Akihiro Wada, Erick Odoyo, Martin Bundi, Gabriel Miringu, Sora Guyo, Mohamed Karama and Yoshio Ichinose

    Tropical Medicine and Health 2016 44:39

    Published on: 29 November 2016

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