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  1. Content type: Research

    Myanmar is currently classified as a high burden dengue country in the Asian Pacific region. The Myanmar vector-borne diseases control (VBDC) program has collected data on dengue and source reduction measures ...

    Authors: Pwint Mon Oo, Khin Thet Wai, Anthony D. Harries, Hemant Deepak Shewade, Tin Oo, Aung Thi and Zaw Lin

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:35

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  2. Content type: Case Report

    Dirofilaria ursi is a filarial nematode that parasitizes the subcutaneous tissues of the American black bear (Ursus americanus) and Japanese black bear (Ursus thiabetanus japonicus). D

    Authors: Minoru Yamada, Namiko Shishito, Yoshihiro Nozawa, Shigehiko Uni, Keisuke Nishioka and Takaaki Nakaya

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:26

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  3. Content type: Short Report

    Microbial natural products possess a wide range of biological and biochemical potential. Among them, fungal secondary metabolites are one of the most important sources for discovering new drugs or lead compoun...

    Authors: Muhareva Raekiansyah, Mihoko Mori, Kenichi Nonaka, Masanobu Agoh, Kazuro Shiomi, Atsuko Matsumoto and Kouichi Morita

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:32

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  4. Content type: Research

    Approximately 80% of deaths attributed to malaria worldwide occurred mainly in Africa in 2015. Kenya is one of the major malaria endemic countries, making malaria the leading public health concern in this coun...

    Authors: Marufa Sultana, Nurnabi Sheikh, Rashidul Alam Mahumud, Tania Jahir, Ziaul Islam and Abdur Razzaque Sarker

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:25

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  5. Content type: Research

    Little is known about the epidemiology of bronchiolitis as a clinical diagnosis and its impact on emergency department visits and hospitalizations in tropical and semitropical regions. We described the epidemi...

    Authors: Andrea Rivera-Sepulveda and Enid J. Garcia-Rivera

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:24

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  6. Content type: Publisher's Erratum

    Authors: Emmanuel Igwaro Odongo-Aginya, Alex Olia, Kilama Justin Luwa, Eiji Nagayasu, Anna Mary Auma, Geoffrey Egitat, Gerald Mwesigwa, Yoshitaka Ogino, Eisaku Kimura and Toshihiro Horii

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:28

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    The original article was published in Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:20

  7. Content type: Research

    Tungiasis is highly prevalent in low- and middle-income countries but remains often under diagnosed and untreated eventually leading to chronic sequels. The objective of the study was to assess whether tungias...

    Authors: Angela Schuster, Marlene Thielecke, Vaomalala Raharimanga, Charles Emile Ramarokoto, Christophe Rogier, Ingela Krantz and Hermann Feldmeier

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:23

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  8. Content type: Review

    Recently, attention to chikungunya has increased due to its spread into previously non-endemic areas. Since there is no available treatment or vaccine, most intervention strategies focus on mosquito bite preve...

    Authors: Tricia Corrin, Lisa Waddell, Judy Greig, Ian Young, Catherine Hierlihy and Mariola Mascarenhas

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:21

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  9. Content type: Research

    A prevalence study of Wuchereria bancrofti infection was carried out in 2014 at 4 study sites in northern Uganda using antigen and microfilaria tests. Each study site consists of a primary school and surrounding ...

    Authors: Emmanuel Igwaro Odongo-Aginya, Alex Olia, Kilama Justin Luwa, Eiji Nagayasu, Anna Mary Auma, Geoffrey Egitat, Gerald Mwesigwa, Yoshitaka Ogino, Eisaku Kimura and Toshihiro Horii

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:20

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    The Publisher's Erratum to this article has been published in Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:28

  10. Content type: Research

    Tumors commonly are infiltrated by leukocytes, or tumor infiltrating leukocytes (TILs). It remains unclear, however, if the density and type of individual TILs has a direct or simply correlative role in promot...

    Authors: Rispah T. Sawe, Simeon K. Mining, Ayub V. Ofulla, Kirtika Patel, Bernard Guyah, David Chumba, Jenifer R. Prosperi, Maggie Kerper, Zonggao Shi, Mayra Sandoval-Cooper, Katherine Taylor, Sunil Badve, M. Sharon Stack and Laurie E. Littlepage

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:19

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  11. Content type: Research

    In 2000, American Samoa had 16.5% prevalence of lymphatic filariasis (LF) antigenemia. Annual mass drug administration (MDA) was conducted using single-dose albendazole plus diethylcarbamazine from 2000 to 200...

    Authors: Shaun P. Coutts, Jonathan D. King, Molisamoa Pa’au, Saipale Fuimaono, Joseph Roth, Mary Rose King, Patrick J. Lammie, Colleen L. Lau and Patricia M. Graves

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:22

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  12. Content type: Review

    Owing to the global health workforce crisis, more funding has been invested in strengthening human resources for health, particularly for HIV, tuberculosis, and malaria control; however, little is known about ...

    Authors: Shishi Wu, Imara Roychowdhury and Mishal Khan

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:16

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  13. Content type: Research

    Schistosome infection and soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) are major public health problems in many developing countries where they contribute to the suffering of populations living in poor settings. A cross-...

    Authors: Janet Masaku, Faith Mutungi, Paul M. Gichuki, Collins Okoyo, Doris W. Njomo and Sammy M. Njenga

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:15

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  14. Content type: Research

    Vanuatu was formerly highly endemic for lymphatic filariasis (LF), caused by Wuchereria bancrofti and transmitted by Anopheles mosquitoes. After a baseline survey showing 4.8% antigen prevalence in 1998, the coun...

    Authors: Fasihah Taleo, George Taleo, Patricia M. Graves, Peter Wood, Sung Hye Kim, Masayo Ozaki, Hayley Joseph, Brian Chu, Alex Pavluck, Aya Yajima, Wayne Melrose, Kazuyo Ichimori and Corinne Capuano

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:18

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  15. Content type: Research

    Malaria in Cameroon was previously known to be caused solely by Plasmodium falciparum but today, evidence points to other Plasmodium species including P. vivax, P. ovale and P. malariae. The purpose of this study...

    Authors: Tebit Emmanuel Kwenti, Tayong Dizzle Bita Kwenti, Longdoh Anna Njunda, Andreas Latz, Kukwah Anthony Tufon and Theresa Nkuo-Akenji

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:14

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  16. Content type: Research

    Lymphatic filariasis (LF) occurs when filarial parasites are transmitted to humans through mosquitoes. The filarial worms affect the lymphatic system which leads to abnormal enlargement of body parts, chronic ...

    Authors: Tammy Allen, Fasihah Taleo, Patricia M. Graves, Peter Wood, George Taleo, Margaret C. Baker, Mark Bradley and Kazuyo Ichimori

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:8

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  17. Content type: Research

    There is very limited data available on the prevalence of Bancroftian filariasis in the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM). Considerable attempts to eliminate the disease had occurred in the Pacific region b...

    Authors: Moses Pretrick, Wayne Melrose, Jean-Paul Chaine, Deon Canyon, Jaime Carron, Patricia M. Graves and Richard S. Bradbury

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:17

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  18. Content type: Research

    Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a parasitic infection (also called kala-azar in South Asia) caused by Leishmania donovani that is a considerable threat to public health in the Indian subcontinent, including densel...

    Authors: Abu Yousuf Md Abdullah, Ashraf Dewan, Md Rakibul Islam Shogib, Md Masudur Rahman and Md Faruk Hossain

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:13

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  19. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Neglected intestinal helminth infections afflict the marginalized communities in Asia. Since 2004, growing body of evidence in Myanmar indicated high prevalence of soil-transmitted helminths (STH) infections (...

    Authors: Khin Thet Wai, Kay Thwe Han and Tin Oo

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:12

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  20. Content type: Research

    Chronic illnesses are a major public health problem in low-income countries. In the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), few data are available, especially in palliative care. In this context, the present s...

    Authors: Jacques Lofandjola Masumbuku, Ernest Sumaili Kiswaya, Philippe Mairiaux, Daniel Gillain and Jean Petermans

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:11

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  21. Content type: Research

    The aim of this study is to present data of the diagnostic capacity of Kenyan laboratories to diagnose a number of human pathogens. The study is based on the data obtained from a biosecurity survey conducted i...

    Authors: H-C Slotved, Kennedy K. Yatich, Shem Otoi Sam and Edwardina Otieno Ndhine

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:10

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  22. Content type: Short report

    Rotavirus gastroenteritis is an important cause of childhood morbidity and mortality in Kenya. In July 2014, Kenya introduced the rotavirus vaccine into her national immunization program. Although immunization...

    Authors: Ernest Apondi Wandera, Shah Mohammad, John Odhiambo Ouko, James Yatitch, Koki Taniguchi and Yoshio Ichinose

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:9

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  23. Content type: Review

    Toxoplasmosis is caused by an intracellular obligatory parasite, Toxoplasma gondii, and it has global distribution. The purposes of this systematic review and meta-analysis were to evaluate the seroprevalence of ...

    Authors: Azadeh Mizani, Abbas Alipour, Mehdi Sharif, Shahabeddin Sarvi, Afsaneh Amouei, Azar Shokri, Mohammad-Taghi Rahimi, Seyed Abdollah Hosseini and Ahmad Daryani

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:7

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  24. Content type: Research

    Tungiasis (sand flea disease) is caused by the penetration of female sand fleas (Tunga penetrans, Siphonaptera) into the skin. It belongs to the neglected tropical diseases and is prevalent in South America, the ...

    Authors: Per Nordin, Marlene Thielecke, Nicholas Ngomi, George Mukone Mudanga, Ingela Krantz and Hermann Feldmeier

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:6

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  25. Content type: Research

    The development of polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) technique for species identification among patients presenting leishmaniasis allowed to better determine the mai...

    Authors: Stephane Simon, Mathieu Nacher, Bernard Carme, Celia Basurko, Amaury Roger, Antoine Adenis, Marine Ginouves, Magalie Demar and Pierre Couppie

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:5

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  26. Content type: Research

    Dams are important to ensure food security and promote economic development in sub-Saharan Africa. However, a poor understanding of the negative public health consequences from issues such as malaria could aff...

    Authors: Solomon Kibret, G. Glenn Wilson, Darren Ryder, Habte Tekie and Beyene Petros

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:4

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  27. Content type: Research

    Non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS) is a public health problem worldwide and particularly in Africa with high disease burden. This study characterized Salmonella isolates from humans in Ghana to determine serovar dist...

    Authors: Linda Aurelia Andoh, Shabana Ahmed, John Elmerdahl Olsen, Kwasi Obiri-Danso, Mercy Jemima Newman, Japheth Awuletey Opintan, Lisa Barco and Anders Dalsgaard

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:3

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  28. Content type: Research

    In Cameroon, poverty-related diseases (PRDs) are a major public health concern. Research and policies addressing PRDs are based on a particular understanding of the interaction between poverty and disease, usu...

    Authors: Valerie Makoge, Harro Maat, Lenneke Vaandrager and Maria Koelen

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:2

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  29. Content type: Research

    Birth weight and length have seasonal fluctuations. However, it is uncertain which meteorological element has an effect on birth outcomes and which timing of pregnancy would explain such effect. Therefore, the...

    Authors: Harunor Rashid, Miki Kagami, Farzana Ferdous, Enbo Ma, Toru Terao, Taiichi Hayashi and Yukiko Wagatsuma

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:1

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  30. Content type: Research

    Diarrheal disease remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among under-five children worldwide. Every day, more than 4000 children lose their lives due to diarrhea. In Ethiopia, diarrhea is the sec...

    Authors: Wondwoson Woldu, Bikes Destaw Bitew and Zemichael Gizaw

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2016 44:40

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  31. Content type: Research

    The epidemiology of enteric pathogens has not been well studied in Kenya because of wide disparities in health status across the country. Therefore, the present study describes the prevalence of enteropathogen...

    Authors: Mohammad Shah, Cyrus Kathiiko, Akihiro Wada, Erick Odoyo, Martin Bundi, Gabriel Miringu, Sora Guyo, Mohamed Karama and Yoshio Ichinose

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2016 44:39

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  32. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Human activities such as burning of fossil fuels play a role in upsetting a previously more balanced and harmonious ecosystem. Climate change—a significant variation in the usual pattern of Earth’s average wea...

    Authors: Emmanuel O. Balogun, Andrew J. Nok and Kiyoshi Kita

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2016 44:38

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  33. Content type: Research

    Since artesunate (ART) became a vital component of artemisinin (ARM)-based combination therapies for the treatment for malaria, counterfeit ART drugs have spread in regions of Southeast Asia and Africa. The co...

    Authors: Yoshinori Mitsui

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2016 44:37

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  34. Content type: Case report

    Dengue is the most prevalent and fast spreading arboviral infection affecting people. No specific drug is available to treat dengue. Thrombocytopenia with potential of serious hemorrhages is one of the hall ma...

    Authors: N. D. B. Ehelepola, M. B. K. Gunawardhana, T. N. Sudusinghe, S. K. D. Sooriyaarachchi, S. P. Manchanayake and K. L. R. Kalupahana

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2016 44:36

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  35. Content type: Research

    Human brucellosis remains to be a neglected zoonotic disease among agro-pastoral communities where livestock rearing is one of the main economic activities. This study was conducted in different agro-pastoral ...

    Authors: Elifuraha B. Mngumi, Mariam M. Mirambo, Sospeter Wilson and Stephen E. Mshana

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2016 44:34

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  36. Content type: Research

    Ticks have been long known as vectors of various pathogens, some of which can cause high fatality rates among infected individuals. Our enhanced tick surveillance around Nagasaki, Japan, led to the isolation a...

    Authors: Gianne Eduard L. Ulanday, Satoshi Shimada, Ngwe Tun Mya Myat, Takeshi Nabeshima, Kouichi Morita and Daisuke Hayasaka

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2016 44:31

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  37. Content type: Research

    A Bayesian latent class evaluation was used to estimate the true prevalence of brucellosis in livestock farmers and patients with prolonged pyrexia (PP) and to validate three conditionally dependent serologica...

    Authors: A. K. M. A. Rahman, C. Saegerman and D. Berkvens

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2016 44:32

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  38. Content type: Review

    Cerebral malaria is still a deleterious health problem in tropical countries. The wide spread of malarial drug resistance and the lack of an effective vaccine are obstacles for disease management and preventio...

    Authors: Saw Thu Wah, Hathairad Hananantachai, Usanee Kerdpin, Chotiros Plabplueng, Virapong Prachayasittikul and Pornlada Nuchnoi

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2016 44:33

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  39. Content type: Research

    Tuberculosis still remains a major public health concern in several provinces of the Democratic Republic of Congo, especially in prison settings. The present study aimed at determining tuberculosis (TB) preval...

    Authors: Guillaume MuasaPatoka Kalonji, Gérard De Connick, Léon Okenge Ngongo, Dieudonné Kazumba Nsaka, Thierry Kabengele, Félicien Tshimungu Kandolo, Félicien Ilunga-Ilunga, Albert Adelin and Didier Giet

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2016 44:30

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  40. Content type: Case Report

    Snakebites cause considerable morbidity and mortality in tropical and subtropical countries even though existing treatment methods can prevent most deaths if presentation occurs early to hospitals. Envenomatio...

    Authors: N. D. B. Ehelepola, S. M. A. N. Samaranayake, B. M. L. S. Basnayake, C. G. K. Amiyangoda, D. M. U. C. B. Dhanapala and K. L. R. Kalupahana

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2016 44:29

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  41. Content type: Short report

    Dengue fever is a serious concern for Japanese people staying in Southeast Asia. In order to implement necessary prophylactic measures for dengue fever in this population, we investigated the characteristics o...

    Authors: Atsuo Hamada, Yuki Tada, Shinji Fukushima, Hidemi Murata and Hirohisa Kikuchi

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2016 44:27

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  42. Content type: Research

    Dengue disease is one of the most significant vector-borne illnesses in the world. The emergence and re-emergence of dengue infections in many parts of the world affect millions annually and continue to burden...

    Authors: Gianne Eduard L. Ulanday, Kenta Okamoto and Kouichi Morita

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2016 44:22

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  43. Content type: Research

    Previous publications suggest that nutritional supplements have anti-trypanosome activity in vitro, although apparent efficacy was not noted in vivo. This study was conducted by experimentally infecting mice w...

    Authors: Ripa Jamal, Rieko Shimogawara, Ki-ichi Yamamoto and Nobuo Ohta

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2016 44:26

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  44. Content type: Short report

    Leishmaniasis is an infectious disease transmitted by the sand fly. It is caused by over 20 different species of Leishmania and has affected over 14 million people worldwide. One of the main forms of control of l...

    Authors: Michael Amoa-Bosompem, Mitsuko Ohashi, Mba-Tihssommah Mosore, Jeffrey Agyapong, Nguyen Huu Tung, Kofi D. Kwofie, Frederick Ayertey, Kofi Baffuor-Awuah Owusu, Isaac Tuffour, Philip Atchoglo, Georgina I. Djameh, Faustus A. Azerigyik, Senyo K. Botchie, William K. Anyan, Regina Appiah-Opong, Takuhiro Uto…

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2016 44:25

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  45. Content type: Research

    During the 2013 outbreak, 4638 infection cases and 32 deaths have been recorded in the southern part of Laos. In recent years, the chikungunya virus (CHIKV) emerged in the part of the country bordering Cambodi...

    Authors: Viengvaly Phommanivong, Seiji Kanda, Takaki Shimono, Pheophet Lamaningao, Andrew Waleluma Darcy, Nobuyuki Mishima, Bounthanh Phaytanavanh and Toshimasa Nishiyama

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2016 44:24

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