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Table 4 Association of infection risk variables with Toxoplasma gondii seropositivity in pregnant women and HIV patients by univariate analysis

From: Toxoplasma gondii infections among pregnant women, children and HIV-seropositive persons in Accra, Ghana

Study participants Factor Number examined, N (N/N 0; %) Anti-Toxoplasma gondii seropositivity, n (n/N; %) χ 2 value p value (CI 95 %)
Pregnant women (N 0 = 125) Own a cat     
 Yes 56 (44.8) 28 (50.0) 0.058 0.808
 No 69 (55.2) 36 (52.1)   
Contact with soil     
 Yes 14 (11.2) 7 (50.0) 0.009 0.92
 No 111 (88.8) 57 (51.4)   
Handle raw meat     
 Yes 114 (91.2) 62 (54.4) 5.26 0.02*
 No 11 (8.8) 2 (18.2)   
Eat raw meat     
 Yes 28 (22.4) 14 (50.0) 0.02 0.88
 No 97 (77.6) 50 (51.5)   
HIV-seropositive patients (N 0 = 125) Own a cat     
 Yes 42 (33.6) 26 (62.0) 0.47 0.48
 No 83 (64.4) 46 (55.4)   
Contact with soil     
 Yes 64 (51.2) 35 (54.7) 0.45 0.49
 No 61 (48.8) 37 (60.7)   
Handle raw meat     
 Yes 75 (60.0) 40 (53.3) 1.39 0.23
 No 50 (40.0) 32 (64.0)   
Eat raw meat     
 Yes 111 (88.8) 66 (59.5) 1.40 0.23
 No 14 (11.2) 6 (42.9)   
  1. p value was calculated by Pearson’s chi-square (χ 2) with confidence interval (CI) of 95 % and 1 degree of freedom (df). p values less than 0.05 were considered statistically significant and are indicated in bold fonts (*)