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  1. Content type: Research

    Surveillance of hidden foci or resurgence of the bancroftian filariasis has high priority to maintain the elimination status in Sri Lanka. For the surveillance, two methods were applied in Matotagama, Matara, ...

    Authors: Hidekazu Takagi, Thishan C. Yahathugoda, Bumpei Tojo, Upeksha L. Rathnapala, Fumiaki Nagaoka, Mirani V. Weerasooriya and Makoto Itoh

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2019 47:39

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  2. Content type: Short Report

    There are no reports on the prevalence of Chagas disease in Japan. Furthermore, screening programs and access to diagnosis and treatment have not been established. This study aimed to clarify the prevalence of...

    Authors: Kazuo Imai, Kazuhisa Misawa, Morichika Osa, Norihito Tarumoto, Jun Sakai, Kei Mikita, Yusuke Sayama, Yuji Fujikura, Akihiko Kawana, Takashi Murakami, Shigefumi Maesaki, Sachio Miura and Takuya Maeda

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2019 47:38

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  3. Content type: Case Report

    Filarial infections are common in most tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Lymphatic filariasis is caused by either Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi, or Brugia timori. Extralymphatic filariasis pres...

    Authors: Pawan Lal, Lovenish Bains, Gaurish Sawant, Rahul Saini and Shramana Mandal

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2019 47:37

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  4. Content type: Research

    Adverse medical events (AMEs) are threats to delivery of quality healthcare services, particularly in resource-poor settings such as Ghana. In sub-Saharan Africa, 30% of deaths are attributed to AMEs and a sig...

    Authors: Robert Kaba Alhassan, Bilson Halilu, Saeed Mohammed Benin, Bentor Francis Donyor, Abubakar Yussuf Kuwaru, Dudu Yipaalanaa, Edward Nketiah-Amponsah, Martin Amogre Ayanore, Aaron Asibi Abuosi, Agani Afaya, Solomon Mohammed Salia and Japiong Milipaak

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2019 47:36

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  5. Content type: Review

    Lately, the number of people using marijuana in the USA has dramatically increased. In 2018, many states have legalized marijuana use for both medical and recreational purposes, thus exploring the evidence beh...

    Authors: Gehad Mohamed Tawfik, Mohammad Rashidul Hashan, Abdelaziz Abdelaal, Thuan Minh Tieu and Nguyen Tien Huy

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2019 47:35

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  6. Content type: Research

    Blindness and visual impairment from diabetic retinopathy (DR) are avoidable through early detection and timely treatment. The Western Province of Sri Lanka has the highest prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM)...

    Authors: Mapa Mudiyanselage Prabhath Nishantha Piyasena, Gudlavalleti Venkata S. Murthy, Jennifer L. Y. Yip, Clare Gilbert, Tunde Peto, Mahesh Premarathna and Maria Zuurmond

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2019 47:34

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  7. Content type: Research

    The services of most clinical laboratories in Africa regarding the diagnosis of Trichomonas vaginalis are largely dependent on the urine direct wet-mount method. However, the exclusive use of urine-based detectio...

    Authors: Collins Adjei, Richard Boateng, Albert Dompreh, Bismark Okyere and Eddie-Williams Owiredu

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2019 47:33

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  8. Content type: Research

    The School Health and Nutrition (SHN) program is a cost-effective intervention for resource-poor countries. SHN program aims to provide timely support and preventive measures to improve the health of school ch...

    Authors: Rachana Manandhar Shrestha, Mamata Ghimire, Prakash Shakya, Rakesh Ayer, Rolina Dhital and Masamine Jimba

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2019 47:32

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  9. Content type: Research

    The periodic and seasonal outbreaks of cholera in Ghana make the disease a vital health concern. The country is cholera endemic with several communities within cholera hotspots. This study, therefore, assesses...

    Authors: Raymond Asare Tutu, Sangeeta Gupta and Janice Desire Busingye

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2019 47:31

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  10. Content type: Research

    Pre-treatment loss to follow-up (PTLFU) among tuberculosis (TB) patients is a global public health problem, because such patients are highly infectious and experience high mortality. There is no published evid...

    Authors: Ko Ko Htwe, Nang Thu Thu Kyaw, Ajay M. V. Kumar, Khine Wut Yee Kyaw, Myo Minn Oo, Thandar Thwin, Saw Saw and Si Thu Aung

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2019 47:30

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  11. Content type: Research

    Diarrheal disease still remains a major public health threat and is often associated with fatal outcome especially in children with shigellosis mostly in developing countries. This study aimed to determine the...

    Authors: Yasmin Jahan, Michiko Moriyama, Soroar Hossain, Md. Moshiur Rahman, Farzana Ferdous, Shahnawaz Ahmed, Sumon Kumar Das, Md. Iqbal Hossain, Abu Syed Golam Faruque, Tahmeed Ahmed and Mohammod Jobayer Chisti

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2019 47:29

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  12. Content type: Research

    In Malawi, hematobium schistosomiasis is highly endemic. According to previous studies, countermeasures have been conducted mainly in school-aged children. In this study, we focused on the age groups, which ar...

    Authors: Nobuyuki Mishima, Samuel K. Jemu, Tomoaki Kuroda, Koichiro Tabuchi, Andrew W. Darcy, Takaki Shimono, Pheophet Lamaningao, Mari Miyake, Seiji Kanda, Susan Ng’ambi, Yoshihiro Komai, Hirofumi Maeba, Hiroyuki Amano and Toshimasa Nishiyama

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2019 47:28

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  13. Content type: Short Report

    Hookworm was a previously dominant parasitic infection in Southern Thailand. The changing population to an aging society in Yo Island has never been investigated for intestinal parasites. This study aimed to e...

    Authors: Sirima Kitvatanachai, Aree Taylor, Pochong Rhongbutsri and Walter R. J. Taylor

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2019 47:27

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  14. Content type: Short Report

    In Kenya, communities residing along the shores and islands of Lake Victoria bear a substantial burden of schistosomiasis. Although there is a school-based deworming program in place, the transmission of Schistos...

    Authors: Evans Asena Chadeka, Sachiyo Nagi, Ngetich B. Cheruiyot, Felix Bahati, Toshihiko Sunahara, Sammy M. Njenga and Shinjiro Hamano

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2019 47:26

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  15. Content type: Research

    Leishmania RNA virus-1 (LRV1) is a double-stranded RNA virus identified in 20–25% of Viannia—species endemic to Latin America, and is believed to accelerate cutaneous to mucosal leishmaniasis over time. Our objec...

    Authors: Ruwandi Kariyawasam, Avinash N. Mukkala, Rachel Lau, Braulio M. Valencia, Alejandro Llanos-Cuentas and Andrea K. Boggild

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2019 47:25

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  16. Content type: Research

    The epidemiological surveillance of malaria is a necessary intervention for eliminating the disease from the planet. The international border zones of the Amazon continue to be highly vulnerable to malaria sin...

    Authors: Vivian da Cruz Franco, Paulo Cesar Peiter, José Joaquim Carvajal-Cortés, Rafael dos Santos Pereira, Margarete do Socorro Mendonça Gomes and Martha Cecilia Suárez-Mutis

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2019 47:24

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  17. Content type: Research

    Several studies have reported the strong resistance of Anopheles gambiae s.l. complex species to pyrethroids. The voltage-dependent sodium channel (Vgsc) gene is the main target of pyrethroids and DDT. In Benin, ...

    Authors: Arsène Jacques Y. H. Fassinou, Come Z. Koukpo, Razaki A. Ossè, Fiacre R. Agossa, Benoit S. Assogba, Aboubakar Sidick, Wilfrid T. Sèwadé, Martin C. Akogbéto and Michel Sèzonlin

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2019 47:23

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  18. Content type: Research

    Globally, suicide is a significant cause of death among adolescents. Previous studies conducted in high-income countries suggest that students in alternative schools are more likely to engage in suicidal behav...

    Authors: Crystal Amiel M. Estrada, Daisuke Nonaka, Ernesto R. Gregorio Jr., Cynthia R. Leynes, Ronald T. del Castillo, Paul Michael R. Hernandez, Tatsuro Hayakawa and Jun Kobayashi

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2019 47:22

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  19. Content type: Research

    A significant reduction in malaria cases over the recent years in Nepal has encouraged the government to adopt a goal of “malaria-free nation by 2025.” Nevertheless, to achieve this goal, it is critical to ide...

    Authors: Komal Raj Rijal, Bipin Adhikari, Nabaraj Adhikari, Shyam Prakash Dumre, Mayur Sharma Banjara, Upendra Thapa Shrestha, Megha Raj Banjara, Nihal Singh, Leonard Ortegea, Bibek Kumar Lal, Garib Das Thakur and Prakash Ghimire

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2019 47:21

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  20. Content type: Research

    Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is a mosquito-borne parasitic disease which is targeted for elimination as a public health problem worldwide. Niue is a small self-governing South Pacific island nation with approxima...

    Authors: Catherine N. Carlingford, Wayne Melrose, Grizelda Mokoia, Patricia M. Graves, Kazuyo Ichimori, Corinne Capuano, Sung Hye Kim, Padmasiri Aratchige and Manila Nosa

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2019 47:20

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  21. Content type: Research

    As an opportunistic pathogen, Escherichia coli (E. coli) is widely recognized as the main cause of nosocomial infections as well as some disorders especially those associated with urinary tract infections (UTIs)....

    Authors: Ahmad FarajzadehSheikh, Hojat Veisi, Mojtaba Shahin, Muhammad Getso and Abbas Farahani

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2019 47:19

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  22. Content type: Research

    Epigastric pain, vomiting, and other gastrointestinal problems are among the most important symptoms of malaria infection as they suggest the possibility that the condition is serious. Pathophysiologies such a...

    Authors: Mizuho Shimada, Yoshie Hirose, Kazuhiko Shimizu, Daisuke S. Yamamoto, Eri H. Hayakawa and Hiroyuki Matsuoka

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2019 47:18

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  23. Content type: Research

    Malaria remains a diagnostic challenge in many endemic communities. Although rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) are presently widely used for malaria diagnosis, there is a dearth of information on post-marketing su...

    Authors: Rene Ning Teh, Irene Ule Ngole Sumbele, Gillian Asoba Nkeudem, Derick Ndelle Meduke, Samuel Takang Ojong and Helen Kuokuo Kimbi

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2019 47:17

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  24. Content type: Research

    The irrational use of antibiotics has been identified as a major problem in healthcare, and it can lead to antimicrobial resistance, treatment failure, and increased healthcare costs. Although many studies wor...

    Authors: Bounxou Keohavong, Manithong Vonglokham, Bounfeng Phoummalaysith, Viengsakhone Louangpradith, Souphalak Inthaphatha, Tetsuyoshi Kariya, Yu Mon Saw, Eiko Yamamoto and Nobuyuki Hamajima

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2019 47:16

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  25. Content type: Research

    Mobile phones of health care professionals could harbor microbes which cause nosocomial infections to the patient, family members, and the community at large. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine the p...

    Authors: Dagne Bodena, Zelelam Teklemariam, Senthilkumar Balakrishnan and Tewodros Tesfa

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2019 47:15

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  26. Content type: Research

    In Lao People’s Democratic Republic (PDR), which borders China, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, and Myanmar, the number of HIV-infected patients has increased in recent years. HIV-infected patients diagnosed in L...

    Authors: Yukako Kaneshiro, Khamphang Sourinphoumy, Naoki Imaizumi, Mangkhalar Rasaphon, Megumi Kuba-Miyara, Shugo Sakihama, Carmina Louise Hugo Guerrero, Ketsaphone Nhativong, Daisuke Nonaka, Tiengkham Pongvongsa, Jun Kobayashi, Sengchanh Kounnavong and Takuya Fukushima

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2019 47:14

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  27. Content type: Research

    Modified systemic inflammatory response syndrome (mSIRS) criteria for the pediatric population together with the provider gestalt have the potential to predict clinical outcomes. However, this has not been stu...

    Authors: Meera R. Nariadhara, Hendry R. Sawe, Michael S. Runyon, Victor Mwafongo and Brittany L. Murray

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2019 47:13

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  28. Content type: Research

    Health systems in many countries do not adequately address non-communicable diseases (NCDs) during pregnancy, especially in low- and middle-income countries. In Myanmar, most studies on NCDs have investigated ...

    Authors: Moe Moe Thandar, Junko Kiriya, Akira Shibanuma, Ken Ing Cherng Ong, Khaing Nwe Tin, Hla Hla Win and Masamine Jimba

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2019 47:12

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  29. Content type: Research

    Malaria is a major health problem in Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) with high transmission in remote and forest areas, particularly in the South. The military is at risk of malaria infection especi...

    Authors: Phoutnalong Vilay, Daisuke Nonaka, Phosadeth Senamonty, Malayvanh Lao, Moritoshi Iwagami, Jun Kobayashi, Paul Michael Hernandez, Ketkesone Phrasisombath, Sengchanh Kounnavong, Bouasy Hongvanthong, Paul T. Brey and Shigeyuki Kano

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2019 47:11

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  30. Content type: Research

    Although mobile and migrant populations are considered an important group in malaria elimination settings, there is currently a lack of understanding about foreign migrant workers in the Lao People’s Democrati...

    Authors: Tiengkham Pongvongsa, Daisuke Nonaka, Moritoshi Iwagami, Pheovaly Soundala, Phonepadith Khattignavong, Phonepadith Xangsayarath, Futoshi Nishimoto, Jun Kobayashi, Bouasy Hongvanthon, Paul T. Brey and Shigeyuki Kano

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2019 47:10

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  31. Content type: Short Report

    Human malaria is a major threat in rural communities of central Vietnam. Anopheles dirus and Anopheles minimus species are critical malaria vectors in Vietnam, which transmit Plasmodium parasites. However, the en...

    Authors: Vu Duc Chinh, Gaku Masuda, Vu Viet Hung, Hidekazu Takagi, Satoru Kawai, Takeshi Annoura and Yoshimasa Maeno

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2019 47:9

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  32. Content type: Research

    Adolescents living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) die owing to acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related causes more than adults. Although viral suppression protects people living with HIV fr...

    Authors: Julian Natukunda, Peter Kirabira, Ken Ing Cherng Ong, Akira Shibanuma and Masamine Jimba

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2019 47:8

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  33. Content type: Research

    Although parasites are still endemic in developing areas, residents in those regions seem not to be affected by the presence of intestinal protozoans. This study aimed to investigate whether pathogenic and com...

    Authors: Takahiro Matsumura, Joko Hendarto, Tetsushi Mizuno, Din Syafruddin, Hisao Yoshikawa, Makoto Matsubayashi, Taro Nishimura and Masaharu Tokoro

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2019 47:7

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  34. Content type: Research

    In sub-tropical countries, poor menstrual hygiene management has been reported. One cause of poor menstrual hygiene management can be poor quality toilets. However, associations between poor quality toilets an...

    Authors: Chikako Katsuno, Ernesto R. Gregorio Jr, Marian Fe Theresa C. Lomboy, Daisuke Nonaka, Paul Michael R. Hernandez, Crystal Amiel M. Estrada, Jennel Mae T. Pimentel, Rhea Marie Grace C. Bernadas and Jun Kobayashi

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2019 47:5

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  35. Content type: Short Report

    A high rate of preterm birth is observed in the Guadeloupe archipelago (French West Indies), raising the hypothesis of harmful environmental exposures, including landfilling. Our aim was to evaluate whether pr...

    Authors: Marion Istvan, Florence Rouget, Léah Michineau, Christine Monfort, Luc Multigner and Jean-François Viel

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2019 47:4

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  36. Content type: Research

    Cabo Verde is a country that has been in the pre-elimination stage of malaria since the year 2000. The country is still reporting cases, particularly in the capital of Praia, where more than 50% of the nationa...

    Authors: Adilson José DePina, Alex Jailson Barbosa Andrade, Abdoulaye Kane Dia, António Lima Moreira, Ullardina Domingos Furtado, Helga Baptista, Ousmane Faye, Ibrahima Seck and El Hadji Amadou Niang

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2019 47:3

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  37. Content type: Research

    Resistance to pyrethroid insecticides involving kdr mutations is widespread in Aedes aegypti (L.) (Diptera: Culicidae) and potentially could impact control efforts in endemic countries. Dengue cases had been spor...

    Authors: Aboubacar Sombié, Erisha Saiki, Félix Yaméogo, Tatsuya Sakurai, Takahiro Shirozu, Shinya Fukumoto, Antoine Sanon, David Weetman, Philip J. McCall, Hirotaka Kanuka and Athanase Badolo

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2019 47:2

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  38. Content type: Research

    Myanmar has similar agro-based ecology and environmental risks as others in the Greater Mekong sub-region leading to the broad array of helminthic infections. Basic health staff (BHS) from the public sector fo...

    Authors: Kay Thwe Han, Khin Thet Wai, Kyin Hla Aye, Khine Wah Kyaw, Wai Phyo Maung and Tin Oo

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2019 47:1

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  39. Content type: Short Report

    In the southeastern Senegal, the report of Plasmodium vivax infections among febrile patients in Kedougou constitutes a new emerging health problem.

    Authors: Makhtar Niang, Rokhaya Sane, Abdourahmane Sow, Bacary D. Sadio, Sophy Chy, Eric Legrand, Ousmane Faye, Mawlouth Diallo, Amadou A. Sall, Didier Menard and Aissatou Toure-Balde

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2018 46:45

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  40. Content type: Research

    Artemisinin resistance in Plasmodium falciparum has been spreading across Southeast Asia. Patients’ adherence to artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) is critical to avoid expanding this resistance. The obj...

    Authors: Emiri Takahashi, Daisuke Nonaka, Moritoshi Iwagami, Vilay Phoutnalong, Ketmany Chanthakoumane, Jun Kobayashi, Tiengkham Pongvongsa, Sengchanh Kounnavong, Bouasy Hongvanthong, Paul T. Brey and Shigeyuki Kano

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2018 46:44

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  41. Content type: Research

    Strongyloidiasis is prevalent in Southeast Asian regions along with other soil-transmitted helminthiases, but only limited present-day data was available for Myanmar.

    Authors: Myo Pa Pa Thet Hnin Htwe Aung, Akina Hino, Khine Mar Oo, Kyu Kyu Win, Haruhiko Maruyama, Wah Win Htike and Eiji Nagayasu

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2018 46:43

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  42. Content type: Research

    Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) formulated the National Strategic Plan for Disaster Risk Management to reduce risks to the communities. This plan was eventually integrated into the school curriculum...

    Authors: Kethsana Kanyasan, Daisuke Nonaka, Athithouthay Chatouphonexay, Paul Michael Hernandez, Sengchanh Kounnavong and Jun Kobayashi

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2018 46:42

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  43. Content type: Research

    The Global Programme to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis has encouraged countries to follow a set of guidelines to help them assess the need for mass drug administration and evaluate its progress. Papua New Guin...

    Authors: Alvaro Berg Soto, Zhijing Xu, Peter Wood, Nelly Sanuku, Leanne J. Robinson, Christopher L. King, Daniel Tisch, Melinda Susapu and Patricia M. Graves

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2018 46:41

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  44. Content type: Research

    Acute Toxoplasma gondii infection during pregnancy represents a risk for congenital disease, especially among women without previous exposure to infection. There is, however, a paucity of information about the ep...

    Authors: Eliakimu Paul, Ireen Kiwelu, Blandina Mmbaga, Rebeka Nazareth, Elias Sabuni, Athanasia Maro, Arnold Ndaro, Jo E. B. Halliday and Jaffu Chilongola

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2018 46:39

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  45. Content type: Correction

    In the original publication of this article [1], the article title should be changed to “How are the village health volunteers delivering malaria testing and treatment services and what are the challenges they...

    Authors: Nay Yi Yi Linn, Jaya Prasad Tripathy, Thae Maung Maung, Khine Khine Saw, Lei Yee Win Maw, Badri Thapa, Zaw Lin and Aung Thi

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2018 46:38

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    The original article was published in Tropical Medicine and Health 2018 46:28

  46. Content type: Case Report

    Neurological complications from malaria cause significant morbidity and mortality. Severe cerebral malaria occurs as a result of intense sequestration of infected erythrocytes in the cerebral capillaries. Howe...

    Authors: Momoko Mawatari, Tetsuro Kobayashi, Shinya Yamamoto, Nozomi Takeshita, Kayoko Hayakawa, Satoshi Kutsuna, Norio Ohmagari, Tomoyuki Noguchi and Yasuyuki Kato

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2018 46:37

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  47. Content type: Research

    Mosquitoes have developed resistance to multiple classes of insecticides for malaria vector control. A new generation of long-lasting insecticidal bed nets (LLINs) has been developed with increased efficacy ag...

    Authors: Aneth M. Mahande, Shandala Msangi, Lucile J. Lyaruu and Eliningaya J. Kweka

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2018 46:36

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  48. Content type: Short Report

    RNA viruses commonly infect bats and rodents, including mosquito-borne flaviviruses (MBFV) that affect human and animal health. Serological evidence suggests past interactions between these two mammalian order...

    Authors: Jesús Sotomayor-Bonilla, Omar García-Suárez, Nohemí Cigarroa-Toledo, Rosa C. Cetina-Trejo, Ana C. Espinosa-García, Rosa E. Sarmiento-Silva, Carlos Machain-Williams, Diego Santiago-Alarcón, Marisa Mazari-Hiriart and Gerardo Suzán

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2018 46:35

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