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  1. Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is one of the main contributors to reproductive health problems that affect women’s quality of life. Previous studies have reported the risk factors and prevalence of POP. The aim o...

    Authors: Rupa Singh, Sandeep Mahat, Sonam Singh, Carolyn K. Nyamasege and Yukiko Wagatsuma

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2021 49:5

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. Papua New Guinea (PNG) has a tuberculosis (TB) case notification rate of 333 cases per 100,000 population in 2016 and is one of the 14 countries classified by the World Health Organization (WHO) as “high-burde...

    Authors: Barne Willie, Avi J. Hakim, Steven G. Badman, Damian Weikum, Rebecca Narokobi, Kelsey Coy, Josephine Gabuzzi, Simon Pekon, Samson Gene, Angelyn Amos, Martha Kupul, Parker Hou, Nick M. Dala, David M. Whiley, Johanna Wapling, John M. Kaldor…

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2021 49:4

    Content type: Research

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  3. Globally, using tuberculosis signs and symptoms (TB-SS) as a screening tool has become less important due to its low sensitivity and specificity. We analyzed data from the Myanmar National Tuberculosis (TB) pr...

    Authors: Kyaw Ko Ko Htet, Virasakdi Chongsuvivatwong and Si Thu Aung

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2021 49:3

    Content type: Research

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  4. Tibetan highlanders have adapted to hypoxic environments through the development of unique mechanisms that suppress an increase in hemoglobin (Hb) concentration even in high-altitude areas. Hb concentrations g...

    Authors: Hiroaki Arima, Masayuki Nakano, Sweta Koirala, Hiromu Ito, Basu Dev Pandey, Kishor Pandey, Takayuki Wada and Taro Yamamoto

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2021 49:2

    Content type: Research

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  5. Lack of sustainable access to clean drinking water continues to be an issue of paramount global importance, leading to millions of preventable deaths annually. Best practices for providing sustainable access t...

    Authors: Nathan Tintle, Kristin Van De Griend, Rachel Ulrich, Randall D. Wade, Tena M. Baar, Emma Boven, Carolyn E. A. Cooper, Olivia Couch, Lauren Eekhoff, Benjamin Fry, Grace K. Goszkowicz, Maya A. Hecksel, Adam Heynen, Jade A. Laughlin, Sydney M. Les, Taylor R. Lombard…

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2021 49:1

    Content type: Research

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  6. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Zemenu Tadesse Tessema and Tadele Amare Zeleke

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:103

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:100

  7. The world is now challenging the pandemic of COVID-19 infection. This is the third and most extensive pandemic. Previous studies showed the plausibility of vitamin D prophylaxis and therapy for COVID-19, parti...

    Authors: Rizaldy Taslim Pinzon, Angela and Andryawan Wahyu Pradana

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:102

    Content type: Research

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  8. Seasonal malaria chemoprevention (SMC) using sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine and amodiaquine is an efficacious intervention for protection of children against Plasmodium falciparum malaria during the rainy season. In r...

    Authors: Sol Richardson, Taiwo Ibinaiye, Jamilu Nikau, Olusola Oresanya, Madeleine Marasciulo, Arantxa Roca-Feltrer, Christian Rassi and Olatunde Adesoro

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:101

    Content type: Short Report

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  9. Alcohol is a psychoactive substance that is widely consumed in the world. Alcohol use is one of the world’s leading risk factors for disease and disability. It affects individuals’ physical, mental, economic, ...

    Authors: Zemenu Tadesse Tessema and Tadele Amare Zeleke

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:100

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:103

  10. Despite the implementation of various strategies such as the declaration of COVID-19 emergency state, staying at home, lockdown, and massive protective equipment distribution, still COVID-19 is increasing alar...

    Authors: Habtamu Sewunet Mekonnen, Abere Woretaw Azagew, Chalachew Adugna Wubneh, Getaneh Mulualem Belay, Nega Tezera Assimamaw, Chilot Desta Agegnehu, Telake Azale, Zelalem Nigussie Azene, Mehari Woldemariam Merid, Atalay Goshu Muluneh, Demiss Mulatu Geberu, Getahun Molla Kassa, Melaku Kindie Yenit, Sewbesew Yitayih Tilahun, Kassahun Alemu Gelaye, Animut Tagele Tamiru…

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:99

    Content type: Research

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  11. Although long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) are the most effective tool for preventing malaria parasite transmission, the nets have some limitations. For example, the increase of LLIN use has induced the r...

    Authors: Noboru Minakawa, James O. Kongere, George O. Sonye, Peter A. Lutiali, Beatrice Awuor, Hitoshi Kawada, Rie Isozumi and Kyoko Futami

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:98

    Content type: Research

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  12. Cryptosporidiosis is an acute and short-term infection which can lead to severe diarrhea (intestinal cryptosporidiosis) associated with a persistent cough in the host with immune system defect. This systematic...

    Authors: Mousa Motavalli Haghi, Zohreh Khorshidvand, Salman Khazaei, Faezeh Foroughi-Parvar, Hossein Sarmadian, Nastaran Barati, Fariborz Etemadifar and Reza Ghasemikhah

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:97

    Content type: Review

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  13. Parvovirus B19 is the causative agent for erythema infectiosum, and also as a potentially life-threatening infectious agent, it is mainly presented in high erythrocyte turnover patients. Sickle cell disease (S...

    Authors: Saber Soltani, Armin Zakeri, Alireza Tabibzadeh, Milad Zandi, Elham Ershadi, Sara Akhavan Rezayat, Sanaz Khaseb, Amir mohammad Zakeri, Mohammadvala Ashtar Nakhaei, Shervin Afzali and Abbas Farahani

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:96

    Content type: Review

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  14. Globally, acute respiratory infections are among the leading causes of under-five child mortality, especially in lower-income countries; it is associated with indoor exposure to toxic pollutants from solid bio...

    Authors: Abraham Geremew, Selamawit Gebremedhin, Yohannes Mulugeta and Tesfaye Assebe Yadeta

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:95

    Content type: Research

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  15. HIV and malaria are the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the developing world including Ethiopia. Globally, HIV-malaria co-infection causes approximately 3 million deaths per year. However, both th...

    Authors: Tenaw Yibeltal, Dereje Birhanu Abitew, Amsalu Birara Melese and Yared Mulu

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:94

    Content type: Research

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  16. High-risk fertility behavior is associated with numerous unfavorable child and maternal health outcomes such as chronic undernutrition, anemia, and child mortality. As far as our knowledge goes, there is not m...

    Authors: Zemenu Tadesse Tessema and Koku Sisay Tamirat

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:93

    Content type: Research

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  17. Although the “stay-at-home” order is advocated against the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the lives of individuals lacking adequate housing are threatened. We developed a framework to assess various popu...

    Authors: Masami Fujita, Sadatoshi Matsuoka, Hiroyuki Kiyohara, Yousuke Kumakura, Yuko Takeda, Norimichi Goishi, Masayoshi Tarui, Masaki Inaba, Mari Nagai, Masahiko Hachiya and Noriko Fujita

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:92

    Content type: Review

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  18. COVID-19 is an emerging disease caused by highly contagious virus called SARS-CoV-2. It caused an extensive health and economic burden around the globe. There is no proven effective treatment yet, except certa...

    Authors: Tadele Girum, Kifle Lentiro, Mulugeta Geremew, Biru Migora and Sisay Shewamare

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:91

    Content type: Review

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  19. Transmission of soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infection remains high in Ethiopia. This study aimed at assessing the therapeutic efficacy of mebendazole against soil-transmitted helminths and determining the ...

    Authors: Ayalew Jejaw Zeleke, Abebe Genetu Bayih, Solomon Afework and John S. Gilleard

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:90

    Content type: Research

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  20. Neonatal hypoglycemia is the most common endocrine abnormality in children, which is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The burden and risk factors of neonatal hypoglycemia in rural communities...

    Authors: David Mukunya, Beatrice Odongkara, Thereza Piloya, Victoria Nankabirwa, Vincentina Achora, Charles Batte, James Ditai, Thorkild Tylleskar, Grace Ndeezi, Sarah Kiguli and James K. Tumwine

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:89

    Content type: Research

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  21. Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is a major public health problem in the Pacific Region, including in Fiji. Through transmission by the mosquito vector Aedes, Fiji has suffered the burden of remaining endemic with LF de...

    Authors: Rosie K. Manolas, Mike Kama, Merelesita Rainima-Qaniuci, Vinaisi D. Bechu, Samuela Tuibeqa, Mareta V. Winston, Nomeeta Ram, Flora Naqio, Kazuyo Ichimori, Corinne Capuano, Masayo Ozaki, Sung Hye Kim, Padmasiri Aratchige, Aalisha Sahukhan and Patricia M. Graves

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:88

    Content type: Research

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  22. Monitoring both invasion of Zika virus disease into free countries and circulation in endemic countries is essential to avoid a global pandemic. However, the difficulty lies in detecting Zika virus due to the ...

    Authors: Hiroka Aonuma, Itoe Iizuka-Shiota, Tokio Hoshina, Shigeru Tajima, Fumihiro Kato, Seiji Hori, Masayuki Saijo and Hirotaka Kanuka

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:87

    Content type: Research

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  23. Brucellosis is the most significant and common bacterial zoonosis and is recognized as a re-emerging and neglected disease. Tackling zoonosis is very important for the health and the economy. One Health is an ...

    Authors: Mahboubeh Khaton Ghanbari, Hasan Abolghasem Gorji, Masoud Behzadifar, Nadia Sanee, Nafiul Mehedi and Nicola Luigi Bragazzi

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:86

    Content type: Review

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  24. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is one of the most important global health problems. More than one and half million of children are living with HIV in the world, and majority of them are found in sub-Sahara...

    Authors: Amare Belachew, Tilahun Tewabe and Gizat Abinet Malede

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:85

    Content type: Review

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  25. Infections due to extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E) are increasing worldwide. Evidence indicates that fecal carriage of ESBL-E in pregnancy predisposes women to potential life...

    Authors: Ambele M. Mwandigha, Doreen Kamori, Upendo O. Kibwana, Salim Masoud, Joel Manyahi and Mtebe Majigo

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:84

    Content type: Research

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  26. Enterobius vermicularis infection is an important public health problem worldwide, especially among schoolchildren in tropical and subtropical countries. The prevalence of E. vermicularis infections varies in eac...

    Authors: Pokkamol Laoraksawong, Pimyada Pansuwan, Supakrit Krongchon, Pongphan Pongpanitanont and Penchom Janwan

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:83

    Content type: Research

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  27. Esophageal candidiasis (OC) is a common AIDS-defining opportunistic infection. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) reduces the occurrence of OC and other opportunistic infections among persons living with HIV (PLHIV)...

    Authors: Ronald Olum, Joseph Baruch Baluku, Ronald Okidi, Irene Andia-Biraro and Felix Bongomin

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:82

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  28. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Bhim Gopal Dhoubhadel, Ganendra Bhakta Raya, Dhruba Shrestha, Raj Kumar Shrestha, Yogendra Dhungel, Motoi Suzuki, Michio Yasunami, Chris Smith, Koya Ariyoshi and Christopher M. Parry

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:81

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:53

  29. Even though there are advancements in HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment approach, HIV continues to be a global challenge. Pediatrics HIV is one of the challenges in the reduction of child mortality particularl...

    Authors: Chalachew Adugna Wubneh and Getaneh Mulualem Belay

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:80

    Content type: Research

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  30. The purpose of this study was to provide an overview of entry screening measures applied at airports in response to the COVID-19 epidemic worldwide. Between 24 January and 17 February 2020, 5.2% (95% CI 3.1–8....

    Authors: Varvara A. Mouchtouri, Zacharoula Bogogiannidou, Martin Dirksen-Fischer, Sotirios Tsiodras and Christos Hadjichristodoulou

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:79

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Published on:

  31. Despite the rapid expansion of antiretroviral therapy services, ‘loss to follow-up’ is a significant public health concern globally. Loss to follow-up of individuals from ART has a countless negative impact on...

    Authors: Molla Yigzaw Birhanu, Cheru Tesema Leshargie, Animut Alebel, Fasil Wagnew, Melkamu Siferih, Tsige Gebre and Getiye Dejenu Kibret

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:78

    Content type: Research

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  32. Different primary studies in Ethiopia showed the burden of nosocomial infection across geographical setting and variant period. However, the national level of burden and types of healthcare-associated infectio...

    Authors: Abebaw Yeshambel Alemu, Aklilu Endalamaw and Wubet Alebachew Bayih

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:77

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  33. Despite improvements in access to antiretroviral therapy (ART), mortality in people living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV) is still high and primarily attributed to tuberculosis (TB) infection. In Su...

    Authors: M. Majigo, G. Somi, A. Joachim, J. Manyahi, J. Nondi, V. Sambu, A. Rwebembera, N. Makyao, A. Ramadhani, W. Maokola, J. Todd and M. I. Matee

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:76

    Content type: Research

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  34. Microsporidiosis is an emerging zoonotic disease that is considered a global public health concern. Dogs are suggested as one of potential reservoirs for transmitting the microsporidia infection to humans. How...

    Authors: Ali Taghipour, Saeed Bahadory and Sasan Khazaei

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:75

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  35. In most health areas, an information system is necessary for an effective fight against COVID-19. Current methods for surveillance of diseases with epidemic potential do not include monitoring the adherence to...

    Authors: Patient Mijiriro Wimba, Jacques-Aimé Bazeboso, Philippe Bianga Katchunga, Léon Tshilolo, Benjamin Longo-Mbenza, Muriel Rabilloud, Philippe Vanhems, Jean Iwaz, Jean-François Étard and René Écochard

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:74

    Content type: Research

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  36. Intestinal parasitosis, caused by both helminths and protozoans, are among the most prevalent infections, especially in developing countries. Enteric parasites continue to be a major cause of parasitic disease...

    Authors: Ranjit Gupta, Binod Rayamajhee, Samendra P. Sherchan, Ganesh Rai, Reena Kiran Mukhiya, Binod Khanal and Shiba Kumar Rai

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:73

    Content type: Research

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  37. Healthcare workers (HWs) are at the highest risk of getting CIVID-19. This study aimed to assess factors determining the knowledge and prevention of HWs towards COVID-19 in the Amhara Region, Ethiopia.

    Authors: Mulusew Andualem Asemahagn

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:72

    Content type: Research

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  38. Malaria in pregnancy (‘MiP’) poses risks to mother, foetus and newborn. Studies from Africa and Asia have reported high prevalence of ‘MiP’ and recommended further research to address ‘MiP’. India has a signif...

    Authors: Samir Garg, Mukesh Dewangan and Omprakash Barman

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:71

    Content type: Research

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  39. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 is a global pandemic that affects individuals from all walks of life. Considering that the virus can be pas...

    Authors: Karpal Singh Sohal, Elison N. M. Simon, Boniphace Kalyanyama and Jeremiah Robert Moshy

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:70

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  40. Many studies on the treatment of tuberculosis (TB) using herbal medicines have been undertaken in recent decades in East Africa. The details, however, are highly fragmented. The purpose of this study was to pr...

    Authors: Samuel Baker Obakiro, Ambrose Kiprop, Isaac Kowino, Elizabeth Kigondu, Mark Peter Odero, Timothy Omara and Lydia Bunalema

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:68

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  41. Irrespective of how the COVID-19 pandemic evolves over time across the globe, our past experiences with comparable zoonotic diseases demonstrate the significance of having resilient primary healthcare systems ...

    Authors: Arvind Vashishta Rinkoo, Dinesh Songara, Arnika Sharma, Biswa Ranjan Patnaik, Rajesh Ranjan Singh and Rakesh Kumar Srivastava

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:67

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Published on:

  42. Diarrheal diseases remain a leading cause of preventable death among children under-five in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). In Ethiopia, diarrhea is the major contributor to deaths for children under...

    Authors: Ephrem Tefera Solomon, Sirak Robele Gari, Helmut Kloos and Bezatu Mengistie

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:66

    Content type: Research

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  43. The emergence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing uropathogens has complicated the treatment of urinary tract infections (UTI). Paediatric UTI is a common illness...

    Authors: Ganendra Bhakta Raya, Bhim Gopal Dhoubhadel, Dhruba Shrestha, Sunayana Raya, Ujjwal Laghu, Ashok Shah, Bijendra Bhakta Raya, Rita Kafle, Christopher M. Parry and Koya Ariyoshi

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:65

    Content type: Research

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  44. Childhood diarrheal illness is the second leading cause of child mortality in sub-Saharan Africa, including Ethiopia. Epidemiology of diarrhea has long-term implications with respect to medical, social, and ec...

    Authors: Asmamaw Atnafu, Malede Mequanent Sisay, Getu Debalkie Demissie and Zemenu Tadesse Tessema

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:64

    Content type: Research

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  45. Self-isolation is an important personal protective measure in inhibiting the transmission of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) as people carry out economic and social activities amid its spread. Yet few stud...

    Authors: Masaki Machida, Itaru Nakamura, Reiko Saito, Tomoki Nakaya, Tomoya Hanibuchi, Tomoko Takamiya, Yuko Odagiri, Noritoshi Fukushima, Hiroyuki Kikuchi, Shiho Amagasa, Takako Kojima, Hidehiro Watanabe and Shigeru Inoue

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:63

    Content type: Research

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  46. Tsetse flies are the cyclical vectors of both human and animal diseases. Kenya’s commitment to eradicate tsetse and trypanosomiasis dates to the 1980s through various control approaches which were spearheaded ...

    Authors: Ferdinard Adungo, Tom Mokaya, Olipher Makwaga and Matilu Mwau

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:62

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  47. Malaria has a negative impact on the activities of companies in endemic countries especially in Cameroon. In this regard, an increasingly growing number of companies have started to include management of malar...

    Authors: Christian Mbohou Nchetnkou, Hervé Nyabeyeu Nyabeyeu, Loick P. Kojom Foko and Leopold G. Lehman

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:61

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  48. Rattus norvegicus are reservoirs for transmission of various zoonotic parasites, and they have become a threat to public health worldwide. Given the large number and the significant presence of R. norvegicus thro...

    Authors: Taher Azimi, Mohammad Reza Pourmand, Fatemeh Fallah, Abdollah Karimi, Roxana Mansour-Ghanaie, Seyedeh Mahsan Hoseini-Alfatemi, Mehdi Shirdoust and Leila Azimi

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:60

    Content type: Research

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  49. Dengue is a common mosquito-borne infection in tropical countries. Dengue incidence in Sri Lanka is generally showing a rising trend. Both chronic immune thrombocytopenia purpura (ITP) children and chronic ITP...

    Authors: V. Thadchanamoorthy and Kavinda Dayasiri

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:59

    Content type: Case Report

    Published on:

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COVID-19 and impact on peer review

As a result of the significant disruption that is being caused by the COVID-19 pandemic we are very aware that many researchers will have difficulty in meeting the timelines associated with our peer review process during normal times.  Please do let us know if you need additional time. Our systems will continue to remind you of the original timelines but we intend to be highly flexible at this time.