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  1. Short report

    Survey on synergism effect of ketotifen in combination with pyrimethamine in treatment of acute murine toxoplasmosis

    Standard treatment of toxoplasmosis is accompanied by severe side effects and low tolerability; accordingly, alternative medicines are critically needed. Ketotifen (KET) as a cell membrane stabilizer could be ...

    Mahbobeh Montazeri, Kian Rezaei, Mohammad Ali Ebrahimzadeh, Mehdi Sharif, Shahabeddin Sarvi, Ehsan Ahmadpour, Mohammad Taghi Rahimi, Abdol Satar Pagheh, Saeed Mehrzadi and Ahmad Daryani

    Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:39

    Published on: 21 November 2017

  2. Research

    Exploring spatial and temporal patterns of visceral leishmaniasis in endemic areas of Bangladesh

    Visceral leishmaniasis is a considerable public health burden on the Indian subcontinent. The disease is highly endemic in the north-central part of Bangladesh, affecting the poorest and most marginalized comm...

    Ashraf Dewan, Abu Yousuf Md Abdullah, Md Rakibul Islam Shogib, Razimul Karim and Md Masudur Rahman

    Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:29

    Published on: 15 November 2017

  3. Research

    The importance of human population characteristics in modeling Aedes aegypti distributions and assessing risk of mosquito-borne infectious diseases

    The mosquito Aedes aegypti has long been a vector for human illness in the Southeastern United States. In the past, it has been responsible for outbreaks of dengue, chikungunya, and yellow fever and, very recentl...

    Julie F. Obenauer, T. Andrew Joyner and Joseph B. Harris

    Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:38

    Published on: 15 November 2017

  4. Research

    Individual and household factors associated with incidences of village malaria in Xepon district, Savannakhet province, Lao PDR

    In the Lao PDR, the incidence of malaria greatly differs among villages even within a subdistrict, and the reasons for this difference are poorly understood. The objective of this study was to identify differe...

    Nouhak Inthavong, Daisuke Nonaka, Sengchanh Kounnavong, Moritoshi Iwagami, Souraxay Phommala, Jun Kobayashi, Bouasy Hongvanthong, Tiengkham Pongvongsa, Paul T. Brey and Shigeyuki Kano

    Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:36

    Published on: 7 November 2017

  5. Research

    The burden of dengue, source reduction measures, and serotype patterns in Myanmar, 2011 to 2015–R2

    Myanmar is currently classified as a high burden dengue country in the Asian Pacific region. The Myanmar vector-borne diseases control (VBDC) program has collected data on dengue and source reduction measures ...

    Pwint Mon Oo, Khin Thet Wai, Anthony D. Harries, Hemant Deepak Shewade, Tin Oo, Aung Thi and Zaw Lin

    Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:35

    Published on: 2 November 2017

  6. Case Report

    A combined human case of Dirofilaria ursi infection in dorsal subcutaneous tissue and Anisakis simplex sensu stricto (s.s.) infection in ventral subcutaneous tissue

    Dirofilaria ursi is a filarial nematode that parasitizes the subcutaneous tissues of the American black bear (Ursus americanus) and Japanese black bear (Ursus thiabetanus japonicus). D

    Minoru Yamada, Namiko Shishito, Yoshihiro Nozawa, Shigehiko Uni, Keisuke Nishioka and Takaaki Nakaya

    Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:26

    Published on: 1 November 2017

  7. Short Report

    Identification of novel antiviral of fungus-derived brefeldin A against dengue viruses

    Microbial natural products possess a wide range of biological and biochemical potential. Among them, fungal secondary metabolites are one of the most important sources for discovering new drugs or lead compoun...

    Muhareva Raekiansyah, Mihoko Mori, Kenichi Nonaka, Masanobu Agoh, Kazuro Shiomi, Atsuko Matsumoto and Kouichi Morita

    Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:32

    Published on: 26 October 2017

  8. Research

    Prevalence and associated determinants of malaria parasites among Kenyan children

    Approximately 80% of deaths attributed to malaria worldwide occurred mainly in Africa in 2015. Kenya is one of the major malaria endemic countries, making malaria the leading public health concern in this coun...

    Marufa Sultana, Nurnabi Sheikh, Rashidul Alam Mahumud, Tania Jahir, Ziaul Islam and Abdur Razzaque Sarker

    Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:25

    Published on: 23 October 2017

  9. Publisher's Erratum

    Erratum to: Wuchereria bancrofti infection at four primary schools and surrounding communities with no previous blood surveys in northern Uganda: the prevalence after mass drug administrations and a report on suspected non-filarial endemic elephantiasis

    Emmanuel Igwaro Odongo-Aginya, Alex Olia, Kilama Justin Luwa, Eiji Nagayasu, Anna Mary Auma, Geoffrey Egitat, Gerald Mwesigwa, Yoshitaka Ogino, Eisaku Kimura and Toshihiro Horii

    Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:28

    Published on: 20 September 2017

    The original article was published in Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:20

  10. Research

    High-resolution infrared thermography: a new tool to assess tungiasis-associated inflammation of the skin

    Tungiasis is highly prevalent in low- and middle-income countries but remains often under diagnosed and untreated eventually leading to chronic sequels. The objective of the study was to assess whether tungias...

    Angela Schuster, Marlene Thielecke, Vaomalala Raharimanga, Charles Emile Ramarokoto, Christophe Rogier, Ingela Krantz and Hermann Feldmeier

    Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:23

    Published on: 15 September 2017

  11. Review

    Risk perceptions, attitudes, and knowledge of chikungunya among the public and health professionals: a systematic review

    Recently, attention to chikungunya has increased due to its spread into previously non-endemic areas. Since there is no available treatment or vaccine, most intervention strategies focus on mosquito bite preve...

    Tricia Corrin, Lisa Waddell, Judy Greig, Ian Young, Catherine Hierlihy and Mariola Mascarenhas

    Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:21

    Published on: 4 September 2017

  12. Research

    Wuchereria bancrofti infection at four primary schools and surrounding communities with no previous blood surveys in northern Uganda: the prevalence after mass drug administrations and a report on suspected non-filarial endemic elephantiasis

    A prevalence study of Wuchereria bancrofti infection was carried out in 2014 at 4 study sites in northern Uganda using antigen and microfilaria tests. Each study site consists of a primary school and surrounding ...

    Emmanuel Igwaro Odongo-Aginya, Alex Olia, Kilama Justin Luwa, Eiji Nagayasu, Anna Mary Auma, Geoffrey Egitat, Gerald Mwesigwa, Yoshitaka Ogino, Eisaku Kimura and Toshihiro Horii

    Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:20

    Published on: 15 August 2017

    The Publisher's Erratum to this article has been published in Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:28

  13. Research

    Tumor infiltrating leukocyte density is independent of tumor grade and molecular subtype in aggressive breast cancer of Western Kenya

    Tumors commonly are infiltrated by leukocytes, or tumor infiltrating leukocytes (TILs). It remains unclear, however, if the density and type of individual TILs has a direct or simply correlative role in promot...

    Rispah T. Sawe, Simeon K. Mining, Ayub V. Ofulla, Kirtika Patel, Bernard Guyah, David Chumba, Jenifer R. Prosperi, Maggie Kerper, Zonggao Shi, Mayra Sandoval-Cooper, Katherine Taylor, Sunil Badve, M. Sharon Stack and Laurie E. Littlepage

    Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:19

    Published on: 4 August 2017

  14. Research

    Prevalence and risk factors associated with lymphatic filariasis in American Samoa after mass drug administration

    In 2000, American Samoa had 16.5% prevalence of lymphatic filariasis (LF) antigenemia. Annual mass drug administration (MDA) was conducted using single-dose albendazole plus diethylcarbamazine from 2000 to 200...

    Shaun P. Coutts, Jonathan D. King, Molisamoa Pa’au, Saipale Fuimaono, Joseph Roth, Mary Rose King, Patrick J. Lammie, Colleen L. Lau and Patricia M. Graves

    Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:22

    Published on: 4 August 2017

  15. Review

    Evaluations of training programs to improve human resource capacity for HIV, malaria, and TB control: a systematic scoping review of methods applied and outcomes assessed

    Owing to the global health workforce crisis, more funding has been invested in strengthening human resources for health, particularly for HIV, tuberculosis, and malaria control; however, little is known about ...

    Shishi Wu, Imara Roychowdhury and Mishal Khan

    Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:16

    Published on: 1 July 2017

  16. Research

    High prevalence of helminths infection and associated risk factors among adults living in a rural setting, central Kenya: a cross-sectional study

    Schistosome infection and soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) are major public health problems in many developing countries where they contribute to the suffering of populations living in poor settings. A cross-...

    Janet Masaku, Faith Mutungi, Paul M. Gichuki, Collins Okoyo, Doris W. Njomo and Sammy M. Njenga

    Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:15

    Published on: 1 July 2017

  17. Research

    Surveillance efforts after mass drug administration to validate elimination of lymphatic filariasis as a public health problem in Vanuatu

    Vanuatu was formerly highly endemic for lymphatic filariasis (LF), caused by Wuchereria bancrofti and transmitted by Anopheles mosquitoes. After a baseline survey showing 4.8% antigen prevalence in 1998, the coun...

    Fasihah Taleo, George Taleo, Patricia M. Graves, Peter Wood, Sung Hye Kim, Masayo Ozaki, Hayley Joseph, Brian Chu, Alex Pavluck, Aya Yajima, Wayne Melrose, Kazuyo Ichimori and Corinne Capuano

    Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:18

    Published on: 16 June 2017

  18. Research

    Identification of the Plasmodium species in clinical samples from children residing in five epidemiological strata of malaria in Cameroon

    Malaria in Cameroon was previously known to be caused solely by Plasmodium falciparum but today, evidence points to other Plasmodium species including P. vivax, P. ovale and P. malariae. The purpose of this study...

    Tebit Emmanuel Kwenti, Tayong Dizzle Bita Kwenti, Longdoh Anna Njunda, Andreas Latz, Kukwah Anthony Tufon and Theresa Nkuo-Akenji

    Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:14

    Published on: 15 June 2017

  19. Research

    Impact of the Lymphatic Filariasis Control Program towards elimination of filariasis in Vanuatu, 1997–2006

    Lymphatic filariasis (LF) occurs when filarial parasites are transmitted to humans through mosquitoes. The filarial worms affect the lymphatic system which leads to abnormal enlargement of body parts, chronic ...

    Tammy Allen, Fasihah Taleo, Patricia M. Graves, Peter Wood, George Taleo, Margaret C. Baker, Mark Bradley and Kazuyo Ichimori

    Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:8

    Published on: 12 June 2017

  20. Research

    Identification and control of an isolated, but intense focus of lymphatic filariasis on Satawal Island, Federated States of Micronesia, in 2003

    There is very limited data available on the prevalence of Bancroftian filariasis in the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM). Considerable attempts to eliminate the disease had occurred in the Pacific region b...

    Moses Pretrick, Wayne Melrose, Jean-Paul Chaine, Deon Canyon, Jaime Carron, Patricia M. Graves and Richard S. Bradbury

    Tropical Medicine and Health 2017 45:17

    Published on: 9 June 2017

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