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  1. Diarrheal diseases remain a leading cause of preventable death among children under-five in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). In Ethiopia, diarrhea is the major contributor to deaths for children under...

    Authors: Ephrem Tefera Solomon, Sirak Robele Gari, Helmut Kloos and Bezatu Mengistie

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:66

    Content type: Research

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  2. The emergence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing uropathogens has complicated the treatment of urinary tract infections (UTI). Paediatric UTI is a common illness...

    Authors: Ganendra Bhakta Raya, Bhim Gopal Dhoubhadel, Dhruba Shrestha, Sunayana Raya, Ujjwal Laghu, Ashok Shah, Bijendra Bhakta Raya, Rita Kafle, Christopher M. Parry and Koya Ariyoshi

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:65

    Content type: Research

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  3. Childhood diarrheal illness is the second leading cause of child mortality in sub-Saharan Africa, including Ethiopia. Epidemiology of diarrhea has long-term implications with respect to medical, social, and ec...

    Authors: Asmamaw Atnafu, Malede Mequanent Sisay, Getu Debalkie Demissie and Zemenu Tadesse Tessema

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:64

    Content type: Research

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  4. Self-isolation is an important personal protective measure in inhibiting the transmission of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) as people carry out economic and social activities amid its spread. Yet few stud...

    Authors: Masaki Machida, Itaru Nakamura, Reiko Saito, Tomoki Nakaya, Tomoya Hanibuchi, Tomoko Takamiya, Yuko Odagiri, Noritoshi Fukushima, Hiroyuki Kikuchi, Shiho Amagasa, Takako Kojima, Hidehiro Watanabe and Shigeru Inoue

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:63

    Content type: Research

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  5. Tsetse flies are the cyclical vectors of both human and animal diseases. Kenya’s commitment to eradicate tsetse and trypanosomiasis dates to the 1980s through various control approaches which were spearheaded ...

    Authors: Ferdinard Adungo, Tom Mokaya, Olipher Makwaga and Matilu Mwau

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:62

    Content type: Research

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  6. Malaria has a negative impact on the activities of companies in endemic countries especially in Cameroon. In this regard, an increasingly growing number of companies have started to include management of malar...

    Authors: Christian Mbohou Nchetnkou, Hervé Nyabeyeu Nyabeyeu, Loick P. Kojom Foko and Leopold G. Lehman

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:61

    Content type: Research

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  7. Rattus norvegicus are reservoirs for transmission of various zoonotic parasites, and they have become a threat to public health worldwide. Given the large number and the significant presence of R. norvegicus thro...

    Authors: Taher Azimi, Mohammad Reza Pourmand, Fatemeh Fallah, Abdollah Karimi, Roxana Mansour-Ghanaie, Seyedeh Mahsan Hoseini-Alfatemi, Mehdi Shirdoust and Leila Azimi

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:60

    Content type: Research

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  8. Dengue is a common mosquito-borne infection in tropical countries. Dengue incidence in Sri Lanka is generally showing a rising trend. Both chronic immune thrombocytopenia purpura (ITP) children and chronic ITP...

    Authors: V. Thadchanamoorthy and Kavinda Dayasiri

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:59

    Content type: Case Report

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  9. India is endemic for enteric fever, and it is not known whether the variations in clinical manifestations between patients are due to host, environmental or pathogen factors.

    Authors: Carl D. Britto, Sitarah Mathias, Ashish Bosco, Zoe A. Dyson, Gordon Dougan, Savitha Raveendran, V. L. Abin, Sanju Jose, Savitha Nagaraj, Kathryn E. Holt and Andrew J. Pollard

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:58

    Content type: Short Report

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  10. The cesarean section rate in Vietnam has been increasing especially in urban area. However, limited evidence identified regarding socio-demographic factors of the cesarean section birth. The objective of this ...

    Authors: Mizuki Takegata, Carine Ronsmans, Hien Anh T. Nguyen, Noriko Kitamura, Chihiro Iwasaki, Michiko Toizumi, Hiroyuki Moriuchi, Duc Anh Dang and Lay-Myint Yoshida

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:57

    Content type: Research

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  11. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Eumelia P. Salva, Jose Benito Villarama, Edmundo B. Lopez, Ana Ria Sayo, Annavi Marie G. Villanueva, Tansy Edwards, Su Myat Han, Shuichi Suzuki, Xerxes Seposo, Koya Ariyoshi and Chris Smith

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:56

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:51

  12. In sub-Saharan Africa, renal abnormalities are a major public health concern, especially in children living in Schistosoma haematobium endemic areas. However, there is a dearth of data on renal abnormalities amon...

    Authors: Neema M. Kayange, Nicholaus Mazuguni, Adolfine Hokororo, Charles Muiruri, Karl Reis, Benson R. Kidenya and Humphrey D. Mazigo

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:55

    Content type: Research

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  13. Refillable water containers are commonly used in rural areas of Lao PDR, and they act as Aedes mosquito breeding sites. Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus mosquitos are transmission vectors for the dengue virus, wh...

    Authors: Pheophet Lamaningao, Seiji Kanda, Takaki Shimono, Somchit Inthavongsack, Thonelakhanh Xaypangna and Toshimasa Nishiyama

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:54

    Content type: Research

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  14. The nutritional status of children may deteriorate after natural disasters such as earthquakes. A 7.8 Richter scale earthquake struck Nepal in 2015 that affected 1.1 million children. Children whose homes were...

    Authors: Bhim Gopal Dhoubhadel, Ganendra Bhakta Raya, Dhruba Shrestha, Raj Kumar Shrestha, Yogendra Dhungel, Motoi Suzuki, Michio Yasunami, Chris Smith, Koya Ariyoshi and Christopher M. Parry

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:53

    Content type: Research

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  15. A previously healthy Japanese man in his fifties was admitted to our hospital because of a recurrent fever after returning from Kenya and Madagascar. He was ambulant with a body temperature of 36.6 °C. His phy...

    Authors: Takashi Sugimoto, Kensuke Takahashi, Kosuke Matsui, Masahito Asada, Osamu Kaneko and Koya Ariyoshi

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:52

    Content type: Case Report

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  16. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has spread to almost every region and country in the world, leading to widespread travel restrictions and national lockdowns. Currently, there are limited epidemiological an...

    Authors: Eumelia P. Salva, Jose Benito Villarama, Edmundo B. Lopez, Ana Ria Sayo, Annavi Marie G. Villanueva, Tansy Edwards, Su Myat Han, Shuichi Suzuki, Xerxes Seposo, Koya Ariyoshi and Chris Smith

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:51

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:56

  17. Dengue, a mosquito-borne viral infectious disease, causes a high morbidity and mortality in tropical and subtropical areas of the world. In Nepal, the first case of dengue was reported in 2004 followed by freq...

    Authors: Sujan Khadka, Ram Proshad, Alina Thapa, Krishna Prasad Acharya and Tapos Kormoker

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:50

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  18. Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is considered as a neglected disease with significant mortality and morbidity in most of the developing countries. The current study aimed to retrospectively assess the demographic a...

    Authors: Reza Shahriarirad, Amirhossein Erfani, Mehrdad Eskandarisani, Mohammad Rastegarian, Hajar Taghizadeh and Bahador Sarkari

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:49

    Content type: Research

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  19. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Andrew Waleluma Darcy, Seiji Kanda, Tenneth Dalipanda, Cynthia Joshua, Takaki Shimono, Pheophet Lamaningao, Nobuyuki Mishima and Toshimasa Nishiyama

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:45

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:33

  20. There are high mortality and morbidity rates due to poisonous snakebites globally with sub-Saharan Africa having some of the highest cases. However, traditional medicine practitioners (TMP) have been treating ...

    Authors: David Fred Okot, Godwin Anywar, Jane Namukobe and Robert Byamukama

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:44

    Content type: Research

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  21. During the era of the Millennium Development Goals, under 5 mortality rates decreased significantly worldwide; however, reductions were not equally distributed. Children in sub-Saharan Africa still account for...

    Authors: Rodrick R. Kisenge, Chris A. Rees, Jacqueline M. Lauer, Enju Liu, Wafaie W. Fawzi, Karim P. Manji and Christopher P. Duggan

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:43

    Content type: Research

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  22. Reports on the antischistosomal effect of several antimalarial drugs such as artesunate, mefloquine, and amodiaquine suggest that febrifugine, which exerts an antimalarial effect, can also be expected to posse...

    Authors: Yoshinori Mitsui, Mitsumasa Miura and Kentaro Kato

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:42

    Content type: Research

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  23. The first COVID-19 cases in Mali were reported almost 1 month after the first case in the African continent. However, the outbreak continues to spread faster there than in other countries which, along with Mal...

    Authors: Luis Sagaon-Teyssier, Adam Yattassaye, Michel Bourrelly, Bintou Dembélé Keïta and Bruno Spire

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:41

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  24. Globally, in 2016, about 38% and 3% of all neonatal death were recorded in sub-Saharan Africa and Ethiopia, respectively. In the same year, 47 neonates out of 1000 live births were not surviving in the first 2...

    Authors: Abebaw Yeshambel Alemu, Getaneh Mulualem Belay, Mengistu Berhanu and Biniam Minuye

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:40

    Content type: Research

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  25. A detailed understanding of trends, as well as what act as enablers and/or barriers to the utilisation of antenatal care (ANC) among Tanzanian women, is essential to policymakers and health practitioners to gu...

    Authors: Abdon Gregory Rwabilimbo, Kedir Y. Ahmed, Andrew Page and Felix Akpojene Ogbo

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:38

    Content type: Research

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  26. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection results in a gradual depletion of immune function, particularly CD4 cells. The CD4 assessment plays a significant role in assessing treatment responses and clinical...

    Authors: Tilahun Yemanu Birhan, Lemma Derseh Gezie, Destaw Fetene Teshome and Malede Mequanent Sisay

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:37

    Content type: Research

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  27. Understanding and improving the durability of long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) in the field are critical for planning future implementation strategies including behavioral change for care and maintenance...

    Authors: Prakash Ghimire, Komal Raj Rijal, Nabaraj Adhikari, Garib Das Thakur, Baburam Marasini, Upendra Thapa Shrestha, Megha Raj Banjara, Shishir Kumar Pant, Bipin Adhikari, Shyam Prakash Dumre, Nihal Singh, Olivier Pigeon, Theeraphap Chareonviriyaphap, Irwin Chavez, Leonard Ortega and Jeffrey Hii

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:36

    Content type: Research

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  28. Toxoplasmosis is a parasitic infectious disease, and Toxoplasma gondii is the causative factor of this intracellular protozoan disease. Due to the lack of information about the rate of T. gondii in general papula...

    Authors: Morteza Mousavi-Hasanzadeh, Hossein Sarmadian, Reza Ghasemikhah, Mojtaba Didehdar, Maryam Shahdoust, Mahshid Maleki and Mahdieh Taheri

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:35

    Content type: Research

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  29. Pulmonary multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR TB) alters lung architecture and involves lengthy treatment duration, high pill burden, drug adverse effects, travel restrictions, and stigma. Literature about ...

    Authors: Edwin Nuwagira, Anna Stadelman, Joseph Baruch Baluku, Joshua Rhein, Pauline Byakika-Kibwika, Harriet Mayanja and Ken M. Kunisaki

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:34

    Content type: Research

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  30. Solomon Islands, a country made up of tropical islands, has suffered cyclic dengue fever (DF) outbreaks in the past three decades. An outbreak of dengue-like illness (DLI) that occurred in April 2016 prompted ...

    Authors: Andrew Waleluma Darcy, Seiji Kanda, Tenneth Dalipanda, Cynthia Joshua, Takaki Shimono, Pheophet Lamaningao, Nobuyuki Mishima and Toshimasa Nishiyama

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:33

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:45

  31. Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are increasing in Kenya, where HIV/AIDS remains a leading cause of death; however, few studies have investigated obesity and hypertension among adults with HIV infection. We co...

    Authors: Akiko Saito, Mohamed Karama and Yasuhiko Kamiya

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:31

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Edna M. Edrada, Edmundo B. Lopez, Jose Benito Villarama, Eumelia P. Salva Villarama, Bren F. Dagoc, Chris Smith, Ana Ria Sayo, Jeffrey A. Verona, Jamie Trifalgar-Arches, Jezreel Lazaro, Ellen Grace M. Balinas, Elizabeth Freda O. Telan, Lynsil Roy, Myvie Galon, Carl Hill N. Florida, Tatsuya Ukawa…

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:30

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:21

  33. The appropriate drug for the treatment of schistosomiasis is praziquantel. However, low cure rate and existence of drug resistance both in vivo and in vitro were reported in different endemic areas. Hence, the...

    Authors: Addisu Tesfie, Gebeyaw Getnet, Aberham Abere, Gebeyehu Yihenew, Yerega Belete, Melkayehu Kassa and Addisu Gize

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:28

    Content type: Research

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  34. Five states in India are reporting sporadic outbreaks of Kyasanur Forest Disease (KFD). Goa experienced an outbreak of KFD in 2015. It remains as an important differential diagnosis for tropical fever in the e...

    Authors: Annet Oliveira, Kalaiselvi Selvaraj, Jaya Prasad Tripathy, Utkarsh Betodkar, Jagadish Cacodcar, Nikhita Quadros and Abhijit Wadkar

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:27

    Content type: Research

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  35. TB and HIV are public health problems, which have a synergistic effect to each other. Despite the decreasing burden of these two diseases they still make a significant contribution to mortality. Tanzania is am...

    Authors: Edson W. Mollel, Jim Todd, Michael J. Mahande and Sia E. Msuya

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:26

    Content type: Research

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  36. Globally, cardiovascular diseases, chronic respiratory diseases, cancers, and diabetes are the four major non-communicable diseases (NCDs) contributing to more than 80% of mortality and morbidity due to NCDs. ...

    Authors: Ei Ei Swe, Kyaw Ko Ko Htet, Pruthu Thekkur, Lwin Lwin Aung, Lwin Lwin Aye and Thazin Myint

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:24

    Content type: Research

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  37. Human toxocariasis is a parasitic zoonosis caused by a parasite in the genus Toxocara and is transmitted mainly by the accidental ingestion of embryonated Toxocara canis (dog roundworm) or T. cati (cat roundworm)...

    Authors: Nonthapan Phasuk and Chuchard Punsawad

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:23

    Content type: Research

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  38. Onchocerciasis is an infection of a filarial worm which is endemic in Sub-Saharan Africa, including Ethiopia. Annual mass treatment with high coverage over for a long period of time should lead to a complete i...

    Authors: Fikadu Ayalew, Desta Debalkie Atnafu, Melkamu Bedimo and Kebadnew Mulatu

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:22

    Content type: Research

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  39. The novel coronavirus (COVID-19) is responsible for more fatalities than the SARS coronavirus, despite being in the initial stage of a global pandemic. The first suspected case in the Philippines was investiga...

    Authors: Edna M. Edrada, Edmundo B. Lopez, Jose Benito Villarama, Eumelia P. Salva Villarama, Bren F. Dagoc, Chris Smith, Ana Ria Sayo, Jeffrey A. Verona, Jamie Trifalgar-Arches, Jezreel Lazaro, Ellen Grace M. Balinas, Elizabeth Freda O. Telan, Lynsil Roy, Myvie Galon, Carl Hill N. Florida, Tatsuya Ukawa…

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:21

    Content type: Case Report

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:30

  40. In May 2019, a confirmed dengue fever case was detected at the local hospital of Abomey-Calavi Commune in southern Benin. In Benin, there remains a dearth of literature concerning the distribution and biology of

    Authors: Germain Gil Padonou, Razaki Ossè, Albert Sourou Salako, Rock Aikpon, Arthur Sovi, Casimir Kpanou, Hermann Sagbohan, Yessoufou Akadiri, Baba-Moussa Lamine and Martin C. Akogbeto

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:20

    Content type: Research

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  41. The adulticidal and cercaricidal activities of five Ghanaian medicinal plants, namely, Phyllanthus amarus, Vernonia amygdalina, Azadirachta indica, Morinda lucida and Nauclea latifolia against S. mansoni were eva...

    Authors: Desmond Omane Acheampong, Ninette Owusu-Adzorah, Francis Ackah Armah, Enoch Aninagyei, Ernest Amponsah Asiamah, Ama Kyeraa Thomford and William Kofi Anyan

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:19

    Content type: Research

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  42. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), is the latest virus to cause global health panic. Due to the rapidly escalating numbers ...

    Authors: Edwin Nuwagira and Conrad Muzoora

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:18

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Published on:

  43. The assessment of the knowledge of Toxoplasma gondii infection among health professionals is essential to design an effective management strategy. The current study was conducted to assess the knowledge and perce...

    Authors: Majda Laboudi, Sanaa Ait Hamou, Imane Mansour, Ilham Hilmi and Abderrahim Sadak

    Citation: Tropical Medicine and Health 2020 48:17

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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COVID-19 and impact on peer review

As a result of the significant disruption that is being caused by the COVID-19 pandemic we are very aware that many researchers will have difficulty in meeting the timelines associated with our peer review process during normal times.  Please do let us know if you need additional time. Our systems will continue to remind you of the original timelines but we intend to be highly flexible at this time.